Nitrogenous waste secreted in urine. Creatinine clearance is a measure of the efficiency of the kidneys in removing (clearing) creatinine from the blood.
chemical element that carries an electrical charge when dissolved in water. Electrolytes are necessary for functioning of muscles and nerves. The kidneys maintain the proper balance of electrolytes and water in the blood. (K+) and (Na+) are example of electrolytes
hormone secreted by the kidney to stimulate the production of red blood cells by bone marrow.-poietin means a subtance that forms.
enclosing structure surrounding each glomerulus. The glomerular capsule is also known as Bowman capsule and it collects the material that is filtered from the blood through the walls of the glomerulus.
one of two bean-shaped organs on either side of the backbone in the lumbar region; it filters nitrogenous wastes from the bloodstream to form urine.
combination of glomerulus and renal tubule where filtration, re-absorption, and secretion take place in the kidney. It is the functional unit of the kidney, each capable of forming urine by itself. There are about 1 million nephron in a kidney.
process whereby renal tubules return materials necessary to the body back into the bloodstream.
hormone secreted by the kidney; it raises blood pressure by influencing vasoconstriction (narrowing of blood vessels).
empty ovarian follicle that secretes progesterone after release of the egg cell; literally means yellow (luteum) body (corpus)
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell (ovum)
human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)
hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating (-tropin) the ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone.
endrocrine gland at the base of the brain. It produces hormone to stimulate the ovaries.
exocrine gland at the base of the male urinary bladder. The prostate secretes the fluid part of semen into the urethra during ejaculation.
procedure that removes an individual's ability to produce or release reproductive cells.