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42 terms

endocrine 38, 39 40 pp

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affect
emotional tone
exophthalmos
protrusion of one or both eyeballs, often because of thyroid dysfunction or a tumor behind the eyeball
autoimmune
of or relating to the immune response of the body against substance normally present in the body
ectopic
out of place; in an abnormal location
euthyroid
Normal thyroid function
goitrogenic
goiter producing - as in foods or drugs such as turnips, cabbage, lithium
goitrogens
substances in certain foods that interfere with the utilization of iodine
hyperplasia
the increased production and growth of normal cells in a tissue or organ, resulting in an abnormal increase in size of the tissue or organ
hypophysectomy
surgical removal of the hypophysis (pituitary gland)
myxedema
advanced hypothyroidism in adults characterized by sluggishness, slow pulse, puffiness in the hands and face, and dry skin (myx = mucous)
nephrogenic
means caused by the kidneys --This is the type of diabetes insipidus in which the kidney fails to respond to ADH
osmolality
a measure of the total solute concentration per kilogram of solvent
pheochromocytoma
a benign tumor of the adrenal medulla that causes the gland to produce excess epinephrine
polydipsia
excessive thirst (as in cases of diabetes or kidney dysfunction)
psychogenic
mental or emotional rather than physiological in origin
tetany
condition affecting nerves causing muscle spasms as a result of low amounts of calcium in the blood caused by a deficiency of the parathyroid hormone
diabetes mellitus
a condition of abnormal use of glucose, usually caused by too little insulin or lack of response to insulin.
endogenous
derived or originating internally
gastroparesis
Loss of motility of the stomach muscles, occurring as a long-term secondary complication of diabetes mellitus. (delayed gastric emptying)
glycosuria
the presence of abnormally high levels of sugar in the urine
hyperglycemia
abnormally high blood sugar usually associated with diabetes
hypoglycemia
abnormally low blood sugar usually resulting from excessive insulin or a poor diet
ketoacidosis
presence of an abnormal amount of ketone bodies in the blood and urine indicating an abnormal utilization of carbohydrates as seen in uncontrolled diabetes and starvation
Kussmaul's
usually greater than 35 respirations per minute, common in Diabetic ketoacidosis (dka)
nephropathy
any disease of the kidney
neuropathy
any pathology of the peripheral nerves
polyphagia
excessive hunger and eating. In diabetes - along with dehydration, the cells are being starved; no glucose can enter without insulin, it all remains in the vascular space; displayed as excessive hunger
postprandial
following a meal (especially dinner)
preprandial
preceding a meal (especially dinner)
retinopathy
disease of the retina
thyroid storm
A crises of uncontrolled hyperthyroidism, characterized by high fever, rapid pulse, respiratory distress, apprehension, restlessness, and irritability; can lead to delirium, coma, or fatal heart failure.
Don't
___ palpate the thyroid, can make it secrete thyroid hormone.
metabolic
thyroid hormones regulate ___ rate
acromegaly
characterized by enlarged features, especially the face and hands, caused by hypersecretion of the pituitary hormone after puberty, when normal bone growth has stopped; most often caused by a pituitary tumor
cushing's
increased secretion of ACTH (adrenocorticotrohic hormone) the natural steroid secreted in the body; d/t chronic steroid use; s/sx: moolike face, red cheeks, facial hair, aneiform rash on chest
addison's
Underactive Adrenal Gland (Adreocortical Insufficiency) - deficiency of aldosterone and cortisol
DKA
abrev for Diabetic Ketoacidosis (result of Hyperglycemia)
ketones
fragments formed by the tissues during incomplete use of fat for energy, and released into the blood
acidosis
If someone is having diabetic keto ____, monotor abgs, cardiac and respiratory status.
neuropathy
nerves become affected caused by high blood sugar, can't feel legs or arms well just tingling, don't know when they get hurt
delays
diabetes ____ wound healing.
3 ps
polydipsia; polyuria; polyphagia