20 terms

Prokaryotic cells vs. Eukaryotic cells

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Prokaryotic cell
Do NOT have nucleus
Prokaryotic cell
Also called bacteria
Prokaryotic cell
World's smallest cells
Prokaryotic cell
Circular DNA
Prokaryotic cell
Do NOT have membrane-covered organelles
Prokaryotic cell
DO have ribosomes that make proteins
Prokaryotic cell
Have hard cell wall
Prokaryotic cell
Have a softer cell membrane against the inside of the cell wall.
Eukaryotic cell
HAS a nucleus
Eukaryotic cell
More complex than Prokaryotic cells
Eukaryotic cell
About 10X larger
Eukaryotic cell
High surface-to-volume ratio
Eukaryotic cell
Appeared about 2 billion years ago
Eukaryotic cell
Oldest fossils ever found are Prokaryotic cells, about 3.5 billion years old
Eukaryotic cell
All living things that are NOT bacteria are eukaryotic cells
Eukaryotic cell
Have membrane covered organelles
Eukaryotic cell
Contain more DNA than Prokaryotic—stored in nucleus
Eukaryotic cell
Linear DNA
Eukaryotic cell
~ALL have cell membrane
~SOME have cell wall (Plant Cells)
Eukaryotic cell
Many compartments allow different chemical processes to occur simultaneously.
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