World History Chapter 6 Section 2
Terms in this set (10)
He fought for the freedom of speech, religion, and for the ability to use reason and logical thing. He published over 70 books and served years in prison for it also suffered from exile.
Got his inspiration from British government. He founded the idea of checks and balances, based off of Britain's Parliament. This helped separate powers and make it even so not one power was in great dominance.
3. Jean-Jacques Rousseau
He was a philosophe who claimed that people are basically good, but they have been corrupted. He published two books which were both banned on his idea of individual freedom and direct democracy. He believed the people should be able to form their own government. Government provides security
4. Cesare Bonesana Beccaria
He helped create justice for the criminal. He was an Italian philosopher whose ideas affect our modern government. He believed everyone should have the right to a speedy trial
English writer who published A Serious Proposal to the Ladies. She addressed the lack of educational opportunities for women, and used Enlightenment ideas about government to criticize the unequal relationship between men and women in marriage. "If absolute sovereignty be not necessary in a state, how comes it to be so in a family? . . . If all men are born free, how is it that all women are born slaves?"
she was very into women's rights. He believed that women should have the same educational rights as men. She believed that not educating women was causing problem because women would become frustrate over their lack of power and take their anger out on the only thing they had power over, their children. She also wrote many books, and her daughter actually turned out to write Frankenstein.
Why do you think the issue of education was important to both Astell & Wollstonecraft?
I think the issue was important because many people were promoting the rights of individuals and so many other things, but women did not apply in any way. Women were still people and deserved just as much as men did. Just because were a different gender doesn't mean were valued by God any less. So many people were promoting an idea of equality, yet the women were treated so poorly, and I think this angered them. Women were automatically thought less of for absolutely no reason
How did the Enlightenment thinkers and writers set the stage for revolutionary movements?
The thinkers and writers set the stage for a revolutionary age because they were putting all this new material and ideas out there and actually using logic and people began to agree. They saw that you didn't have to agree with the law. If something made you unhappy you have the right to speak your mind and change it.
What was the legacy of the Enlightenment?
The legacy of the Enlightenment is that the people brought forth new ideas and real "enlightened" themselves with new knowledge and understanding of things. They helped us comprehend the many wonders of the world.
Write a paragraph contrasting Thomas Hobbe's social contract view of government with the political philosophy of John Locke
Thomas Hobe believed that all people were evil and they were only going to do things that made them happy. He believed you needed a strict government to keep them in control. The ideas of Locke however contrasted. He believed that the government gets its power from its people. The people have the right to be angry or want to change something about their government. He believed people were neutral, and had the choice to choose between good and evil, which also contrasts with Hobbe's belief in people as well.
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