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Hurs 201 exam #1
Using the textbook " An Overview of the Human Service" 2nd edition Kanel & Mallers
Terms in this set (58)
Human services uses?
activities that focus on helping people meet their .... needs
the generalist human services model enables those in the field to be:
to become "master of all trades" Human service workers must know a variety of psychological, biological, and sociological theories that help them understand the causes of human behavior and a variety of intervention strategies
Human services includes Services that meet the needs of services that meet the needs of?
- example: Maslow hierarchy of needs 1968
A human service worker might be a Social Worker, Psychologist, Data Manager? True/False?
The term paraprofessional usually refers to?
community workers who may or may not have a bachelor's degree
- work 60 hours of training counseling to be considered a paraprofessional
An intern received credit from school that works without pay? True/ False?
Which type of agency is most likely to be governed by an elected volunteer board of directors?
Non-profit agencies; funding comes from private donations, fundraisers, and both private and government grants.
What term best describes the behavioral component of group antagonism? Why?
Discrimination because its shown through someone's behavior
Describe the terms; Disparity, Prejudice, Bias, Discrimination?
-Disparity: imbalance; people are treated unequally
- Prejudice: emotional and attitudinal component of group antagonism
- Bias: Preconceived point of view
- Discrimination: Behavioral component of group antagonism
Know the terms: Racism, Stereotypes, Ethnocentrism, classism
Racism: discrimination against race
Stereotypes: Generalized beliefs about the characteristics of a group members
Ethnocentrism: discrimination against the culture
Classim: discrimination against economic status
What casual theory was most likely used by prehistoric civilizations?
Beliefs about causation affect the cure
Labotomy is similar to trepanning? True/ False....Why?
TRUE; Lobotomy is a surgical operation involving incision into the prefrontal lobe of the brain, formerly used to treat mental illness that is not cure through other preventative/ medical care
Who is best known for proposing the theory of imbalance in bodily humors?
Hippocrates; propose scientific causation primarily in the brain or imbalance of fluids (humours)
- 4 bodily fluid - blood letting/ leaches/ razor blade/ vomiting
The Code of Hammurabi might be considered as:
Basis of criminal law (Semitic law 1700 B.C.);
an eye for an eye
a tooth for atooth
punishments are formalized
During the Dark Ages was there a lack of cultural achievements?
There was a lack of cultural achievements in contrast to the literacy and scientific achievements during the classical period of the Roman Empire
- charity approach
-having more stronger faith where miracles occur on misfortune
- growing strength of Christianity and focus on faith rather than on science as seen in classical era of the Greeks and Romans
During the Spanish Inquisition, the church dealt with perceived deviance by:
Heresy; "Hammer of the Witches"
The Renaissance is known for its focus on:
Europe was Shifting...
The increasing separation of Rich & Poor
Increasing Separation of Church & State
BEDLAM: 1st ASYLUM FOR MENTALLY ILL, CRIMINALLY INSANE, MENTALLY RETARDED (1247)
ELIZABETHAN POOR LAWS (1601): PROVIDED FOR THE DESERVING POOR
Who was famous for promoting the moral treatment of those institutionalized by removing their chains and offering them food, shelter, and clothing?
(Pg. 15) Philippe Pinel
Which President of the U.S. worked with Horace Mann to create mandatory education for everyone?
(Pg. 15) Thomas Jefferson
What did Kraepelin do for mental illness?
Created the bipolar definition between manic, depressed and mixed. Understanding mental illnesses as different categories.
Who is Dix and Addams?
Dorothea Dix and Jane Addams were social workers. They improved conditions for the poor, known for crusading the poor, insane, and criminals
Which house was a settlement house?
Hull house which was founded by Dix and Addams
Crisis Intervention was developed based on:
short-term therapy (Caplan/Lindeman's Wellesley Project)
Who signed the law the Community Mental Health Centers Act of 1963?
President John F Kennedy
The grassroots movement refers to:
community activists; movement started in the 1960s during times of civil unrest and lack of faith in the government to take care of the public's needs
The New Deal did what?
Focused on disparity, low social economic status and food, work, etc.
The War on Poverty resulted in the passage of the:
1960 -President Lyndon Johnson waged War on Poverty, resulting in the passage of the 1964 Economic Opportunity Act, which created such programs as affirmative action, welfare, food stamps, low-cost housing, and federally funded medical insurance.
What does the National Alliance for the Mentally do:
- Nami (National Alliance of the Mentally Ill)
1997: Founded to provide support, education, and advocacy for people with mental illness
-President Clinton signed into law the mental health parity act of 1996
What does the official name of the most recent health care reform signed into law in 2010?
2010: President Obama signed the patient protection and affordable care act (ACA) into law
Goal: Ensure that all Americans have access to quality, affordable health care
What did president Clinton sign? And why?
1996: President Clinton signed the personal responsibility and work opportunity reconciliation act.
1997: President Clinton signed into law the meal health parity act of 1996: requires employers to include insurance coverage for employees who have mental illness as compared to equally serious physical disorders.
Who is likely to receive social welfare?
- child protective services
-elderly and disabled protective services
- school lunch
- housing for low-income
President Bush proposed?
No Child left behind;
2000 2008: Proposed this program was intended to expose all children to the same level of education and increase literacy.
What are the levels of interventions?
Micro-level intervention: focus on working with an individual
Mezzo: interventions involving working with families and small groups
Macro: working with organizations and communities
Primary: prevent the occurrence of a problem by counteracting circumstances or risk factors (D.A.R.W, Scared straight, head start)
Secondary: intervene at the early signs of a dysfunction (crisis intervention)
Tertiary: used with those with chronic problems to help them be as productive as possible
what level of intervention includes efforts to assist people who have already demonstrated early signs of problematic behaviors?
secondary interventions; crisis intervention is best example of secondary intervention
which level of intervention is used with people who suffer from chronic problems and difficulties caring for themselves?
The harm reduction models is?
- an approach to looking at and responding to self- destructive problems such as drug abuse. based on the stages of change model.
- non judgemental and non coercive approach
- stages of behavior change: precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and maintenance
What is the meaning of Baby Boomers?
getting old and older. about 19 million more older adults in the U.S. by 2050.
What years were "baby boomers" born in?
between the dates of 1946- 1964
In the last 20 years, immigration has?
- 2010 census data: U.S. immigrant population was 40 million
- unauthorized immigrants 11.1 million in 2011
- eligibility for health and human service benefits is complicated for them
Sociological theories mean?
Sociological theories explain how societal phenomenon are caused by external (not internal to a person, such as biology and genetics) and environmental conditions that shape social values and politics (power and influence) and can lead to prejudice, stereotypes, and discrimination. (PG.44)
standards of conduct (moral imperatives) agreed upon by a group of professionals that are vital to appropriate and effective interventions
What are benefits of having ethical standards?
•SELF-MONITORING AND SELF-EXAMINATION
•ETHICAL COMPETENCE THROUGH CONTINUING EDUCATION AND SUPERVISIONS
What is the Council of Standards in Human Services?
CSHSE formed to create standards that guide Human Services training programs nationwide
What is confidentiality?
•PRIVACY (HIPPA-2003) (disclosure of health information is private )
•LEGAL COUNTERPART: PRIVILEGE (CLIENT OWNS)
- not releasing the personal information of a client/ patient
breach: breaking confidentiality
Confidentiality must be breached in which situation(s)?
•EXCEPTIONS (mandated reporting):
-CHILD, ELDER (65 years or old), DISABLED ABUSE
-DANGER TO OTHERS: DUTY TO WARN
-DANGER TO SELF (MAY BREACH)
-COURT ORDER OR SUBPOENA
-INVESTIGATION INTO DEATH OF CLIENT
-RELEASE OF INFORMATION SIGNED BY CLIENT
-PATRIOT ACT OF 2001
What are dual relationships?
Maintain clear boundaries as to the nature of the relationship
-Clients' needs; not Human Services workers'
why is having a dual relationship so strongly discouraged?
can lead to manipulation and exploitation
Describe ways you can avoid dual relationships with clients?
addressed through self awareness and examination; personal therapy and/or consultation
Many professional associations require continuing education in order to renew a license? True or False?
True; from 30-36 hours every 2 years to renew license just to ensure the professional is updated on new issues or new treatments
Modern-day human service workers may have certain biases about various cultures? True or False?
while its true but they are aiming to elimate cultural bias and stigma associated with certain populations
Most theories that seek to explain human behavior and that have developed intervention strategies were created by:
Multicultural competence; aiming to eliminate cultural bias and stigma associated with certain populations
What is a major challenge for human services workers?
having no biases; when it comes to gender, cultural, religion, stereotypes, countertransference
In which area would cultural bias exist?
Stigmas/ stereotypes associated with certain populations
Know about: Latinos
Know about: African Americans
- Long history of racism
- only group that had been slaves (except for jews)
- institutionalized racism (over abundance in criminal justice system)
- some strides (obama as president)
-still underemployed due to racism
- religion is important
Know about: Asian Americans
- studies show that tend to be less expressive and more reticent than mainstream americans
- value control over emotional expressiveness
-differers from mainstream american culture that expects people to openly and directly express affection and other strong emotions
Know about: Native Americans
- most live in extended families
- moving toward urban settings away from reservation:
- gace struggles between keeping traditional culture built on spirituality, socialization and language and adopting mainstream values that emphasize competition and independence
Know about Middle Eastern Americans
- studies support that counseling and other social services can be more effective with support of community religious leaders
- middle eastern culture is collectivist in which community acceptance is important vs american culture that values individuality
-shouldn't challenge the patriarchal position of male family members
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