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Eye and Ear Medications
Key terms, End of chapter questions and medications
Terms in this set (32)
thin watery fluid contained in the anterior chamber of the eye
earwax; secreted by the glands at the outer third of the ear canal
Intraocular pressure (IOP)
fluid pressure inside the eye.
having a detrimental effect on the eighth nerve or organs of hearing
drainage tube in the eye that drains aqueous humor
subjective ringing, buzzing, tinkling, or hissing sound in the ear
instrument for measuring tension or pressure
sensation of moving around in space or having objects move about the person
thick liquid found in the posterior chamber of the eye
Half-angle is a type of glaucoma.
False; open or closed-angle are the two types of
Pinkeye is an injury occurring from surgery.
..False; pinkeye is an eye infection caused by viruses
Aqueous humor is located behind the eardrum.
..False; aqueous humor is located in the eye.
The Schlemm canal is located in the eye.
..True; Schlemm's canal is located in the eye.
Mydriatics are used to examine the inner eye.
..True; mydriatics are used to examine the inner eye.
The stapes is located in the inner ear.
..False; stapes is in the middle ear.
Cerumen is another name for earwax.
..True; cerumen is earwax.
Glaucoma can occur suddenly or gradually over time.
..True; glaucoma can occur gradually over time or
with a sudden increase in IOP.
IOP stands for in other places.
..False; IOP stands for intraocular pressure.
The pinna functions by funneling sound through the outer ear canal.
..True; the pinna protects the inner and middle ears
as well as capturing and funneling sound toward
the tympanic membrane.
Which physician is an ear specialist?
An audiologist is a physician who specializes
in treating the ear.
Which of the following are used to treat edema in the eye?
Glucocorticoids are used to treat edema in
Which drug is used to treat glaucoma?
Miotics are used for glaucoma.
What class of drugs is used to treat pinkeye?
Antibiotics are used to treat pinkeye.
Scopolamine is given via which route?
Scopolamine is administered by the transdermal route.
A stye is caused by?
Bacteria cause sties.
The part of the eye covering the outer eye is called the?
The sclera covers the outer eye.
Signs of ototoxicity include?
D.All of the above
All of the above, plus hearing loss and balance disturbances.
The category of ophthalmic medication that may alter the color of the iris and change the
patient's eye color is called?
Prostaglandins may change iris color, especially in green or hazel eyes.
Motion sickness medication should be taken?
A.1 hour before travel
B.1 day before travel
C.20 to 60 minutes before travel
D.At time of travel
20 to 60 minutes before travel is appropriate.
Barry is having eye surgery for cataract removal next week. He is worried about postoperative pain management. How do you counsel him?
Schedule Barry Gordon an appointment with the physician to discuss these concerns with him. Discussing his fears in addition to ways to deal with the pain after surgery and ways to reduce pain will help to allay those fears.
Adam is using corticosteroid eye drops and calls to inform you that he has a yellow discharge draining from his eyes. Should he continue the eye drops? What would you tell him?
Advise Adam Mueller to come into the office as soon as possible to see the physician. Yellow drainage indicates a bacterial infection, and corticosteroids suppress the immune system. Thus, corticosteroids are contraindicated in this situation.
Bruce was prescribed gentamicin for an infection. He calls your office and complains of tinnitus and ataxia. What is your response?
Find out what the medication is prescribed for and who the prescribing physician is. Call the physician or have the patient call, describing these symptoms. The patient should stop the antibiotic, because these are symptoms of ototoxicity. You do not have the authority to tell him to stop taking the medication, but you must notify the prescribing physician immediately of these symptoms.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Pharmacology, CH 11
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