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63 terms

MIOL World Music

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Universals
All societies have music and all people sing
Universals
No music is intrinsically better than any other
Universals
Musical genres are in all cultures: work songs, children's songs, seasonal songs
Universals
Music is used in religious rituals
Universals
Musical styles develop in relation to the social organization of each culture
Instruments
Wind, string, drums, electronic
India
Music based on scales called ragas
India
The hundreds of ragas express feelings and emotions
India
Melodies are ornamented with slides and shakes
India
The rhythm can be free and flexible or strict
India
Rhythm tends to be in groups like 4+4+4+4 or 3+2+2+3
India
Primary instrument is the sitar
India
Most music is melody based with not much harmony
India and China
Vocal sounds tend to be high pitched and nasal
Middle East
It is the heart of the Arab and Islamic cultures
Middle East
Heterophony: many variations of the same melody played at the same time
Middle East
Music is highly ornamented
Middle East
Vocal music is the most common
Middle East
Vocal music is at times edgy and almost harsh sounding
Middle East
The best music is thought to inspire a trancelike higher life experience
Middle East
Much of the music is sacred
Middle East
Oud (lute like instrument) is the main instrument
China and Japan
Music based on the pentatonic scale
China
Most music in duple rhythm
China
Music is mostly melodic with not a lot of harmony
China
Qin zither, pipa lute and Erhu violin most common instruments
China
Opera is very popular
China
Improvisation and ornamentation are part of all performances
Japan
Most music is in duple meter
Japan
Syncopation is important
Japan
Rhythmic and melodic ostinatos are common
Japan
Heterophony occurs in vocal and instrumental music
Japan
Taiko drumming is very important
Indonesia
Music is largely influenced by China and India
Indonesia
Music based mostly on a 5 note and a 7 note scale
Indonesia
Music is full of repeated phrases of varying lengths
Indonesia
Stringed instruments include fiddles and zithers
Indonesia
Gamelan is the term for musical ensemble
Indonesia
Gongs and brass xylophones are typical
Indonesia
Kecak or monkey chant is used in religious rituals
Indonesia
Angklung, the bamboo shaker instrument is important in traditional and popular music
Sub-Saharan Africa
Interlocking: the practice of layering more and more intricate rhythms and melodies in existing songs
Sub-Saharan Africa
Call and Response song style is predominate
Sub-Saharan Africa
Ostinatos, rhythmic and harmonic, are used in a lot of the music
Sub-Saharan Africa
Rhythms combine duple and triple time combinations
Sub-Saharan Africa
Mbiri (kalimba) or thumb piano is very popular
Sub-Saharan Africa
Xylophones are made of wood with gourds used for resonators
Sub-Saharan Africa
Kora, a 21 stringed harp lute, is very popular
Sub-Saharan Africa
A great variety of drums are used, shekere, djembe, dundun, log
Sub-Saharan Africa
Many different types of flutes include pan pipes
Sub-Saharan Africa
Dance is a huge part of the culture
Latin America and the Caribbean
The music is greatly influenced by Africa and Europe, especially Spain and Portugal
Latin America and the Caribbean
Music and dance are very important parts of religious ceremonies
Latin America and the Caribbean
Costumes and masks play a big part in ceremonies
Latin America and the Caribbean
Instruments include a huge variety of guitars
Latin America and the Caribbean
Flutes can be made of wood or metal
Latin America and the Caribbean
Accordions are used in a lot of the music
Latin America and the Caribbean
Marimbas with wooden keys and resonator tubes are used
Latin America and the Caribbean
Dances include the Samba, Tango, and Rumba
Latin America and the Caribbean
Heterophony is used in both vocal and instrumental music
Latin America and the Caribbean
Melodies tend to be strophic
Latin America and the Caribbean
Interlocking is once again used in rhythms and melodies
Latin America and the Caribbean
Steel drums are unique to the Carribean Islands