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Arts and Humanities
AP Lang Rhetorical Devices
Terms in this set (40)
Occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words (diction)
A reference, often short, to a person, event, or condition of the past which is presumably familiar to the reader. Three types: biblical, historical, classical
A word, phrase, or statement that has many meanings.
Someone who is uncertain or lacks the ability to make decisions.
A rhetorical device used to compare two things that are related or similar. Red:stop=Green:go
Repetition for effect, usually for emphasis and at the beginning of sentences.
When two separate ideas are put together IN A SENTENCE to achieve a contrasting effect. (Speech is silver, but silence is gold)
A terse saying embodying a general truth or astute observation that uses no unnecessary words
The absence of a conjunction between parts of a sentence.
The emotional attachment to a word, not the dictionary definition.
Characteristic of or appropriate to ordinary or familiar speech. (Y'all)
The dictionary definition of a word
Refers to the use of writing for the teaching/offering of guidance in moral, religious, or ethnic values.
The repetition of a word or phrase at the END of a paragraph or sentence.
A mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered less harsh or blunt when referring to something embarassing
Abusive or insultry language
A literary technique in which the normal order of words is reversed in order to achieve a particular effect.
A literary device in which two or more ideas, places, characters, or actions are placed side by side in a narrative or poem
A word or phrase for one thing used to refer to another thing in order to show that they are similar.
A figure of speech by which a locution produces an incongruence, seemingly self contradictory effect
The rhythm of a work of literature. This can be impacted by sentence length - short is main, long is detail. (ex: romantic scenes will be slower, action scenes will go fast!)
A statement that is self-contradictory because it often contains two statements that cannot be true at the same time.
The use of successive verbal constructions that correspond in grammatical structure, sound, meter, and meaning. Ex: Like father, like son
An adjective that describes words, phrases, or general tone that is overly scholarly, academic or bookish.
Several conjunctions in a close succession within a sentence.
The simple repeating of a word, phrase, or idea to secure emphasis.
The use of irony to mock or convey contempt. Intentional burning or hurting.
To be bitter and cynically mocking to an extreme
The use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity. Authors that are famous for this include Mark Twain and Alexander Pope.
A change in tone, diction, pronoun, or speaker that is commonly used with a transition word (so, but, until, then).
A thing that represents or stands for something else, usually a material object representing something abstract. (Gatsby: Green light=wealth, envy)
A figure of speech used by writers to intentionally make a situation seem less important than it really is. (Ex: If you get 100% on a quiz but say you did "alright")
the formation of mental images, figures, or likenesses of things, or of such images collectively.
The art of creating a successful argument
For this class, the opposite of what is meant is said. (Said does not equal what is spoken)
An author's reason for writing. It can be to explain or describe, entertain, inform, or persuade and can include a specific message or course of action.
Any specific way of using language, which is characteristic of an author, school, period, or genre. Specific types may be defined by their diction, syntax, imagery, rhythm, or any other linguistic feature.
Word choice used in a literary work. Selections may include formal/colloquial, abstract/concrete, or literal/figurative language.
The way an author elects to order and connect words and phrases to form unique sentences in a work of literature.
A term designating the mood or atmosphere created in a literary work. It refers to the attitude of the writer toward the reader (formal, intimate, pompous) OR toward the subject matter (ironic, light, solemn, satiric, sentimental)
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