Vocabulary for Chapters 30 & 31 of The American Pageant, 13th Edition.
Head of the Committee on Public Information 1917 which was allegedly formed to combat wartime rumors by providing authoritative info. It served as propaganda agency proclaiming the govn'ts version of reality and discrediting those who questioned that version.
Republican candidate who assumed the presidency in March 1929 promising the American people prosperity and attempted to first deal with the Depression by trying to restore public faith in the community.
Henry Cabot Lodge
Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he was a leader in the fight against participation in the League of Nations.
Warren G. Harding
President after World War I who promised to return the US to normalism.
James M. Cox
A Governor of Ohio, U.S. Representative from Ohio and Democratic candidate for President of the United States in the election of 1920. Suppported the League of Nations.
Belief that people in a territory should have the ability to choose their own government.
Agreement by a group of nations to defend the other in case of an attack on any member.
Compulsory military service.
A secret document to Mexico that said Germany would help them regain lost territories in Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico if they joined the war on the Central Powers side.
The war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms, and a league of nations.
League of Nations
An international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations.
Espionage and Sedition Acts
Enacted in 1917 and 1918, that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against U.S. participation in WWI.
Schenck v. United States
Supreme court decides that any actions taken that present a "clear and present danger" to the public or government isn't allowed, this can limit free speech.
Industrial Workers of the World
Founded in 1905, this radical union, also known as the Wobblies aimed to unite the American working class into one union to promote labor's interests. It worked to organize unskilled and foreign-born laborers, advocated social revolution, and led several major strikes.
The constitutional amendment adopted in 1920 that guarantees women the right to vote.
Treaty of Versailles
The treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans.
A. Michell Palmer
Attorney general whos house was attacked by a suicide bomber. Eventually led the Palmer raids with Hoover.
Mob king in Chicago who controlled a large network of speakeasies with enormous profits. His illegal activities convey the failure of prohibition in the twenties and the problems with gangs.
John T. Scopes
A science teacher who challenged the ban in Tennessee as unconstitutional and decided to test the law in the courts, he asked a friend to file suit against him for teaching evolution this was known as a popular case.
Defended John Scopes during the Scopes Trial. He argued that evolution should be taught in schools.
Secretary of the Treasury during the Harding Administration. He felt it was best to invest in tax-exempt securities rather than in factories that provided prosperous payrolls. He believed in trickle down economics.
American businessman, founder of Ford Motor Company, father of modern assembly lines, and inventor credited with 161 patents.
United States aviator who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean (1902-1974).
A person who favors those born in his country and is opposed to immigrants.
Most instense outbreak of national alarm, began in 1919. Success of communists in Russia, American radicals embracing communism followed by a series of mail bombings frightened Americans. Did not last long as some Americans came to their senses.
Sacco and Vanzetti Case
Court case in which two Italian immigrants were charged with murdering a guard and robbing a shoe factory in Braintree; Mass. The trial lasted from 1920-1927. Convicted on circumstantial evidence; many believed they had been framed for the crime because of their anarchist and pro-union activities.
Ku Klux Klan
White supremacy organization that intimidated blacks out of their newly found liberties.
The Birth of a Nation
A dramatic silent film from 1915 about the South during and after the Civil War. It was directed by D. W. Griffith. The film, the first so-called spectacular, is considered highly controversial for its portrayal of African-Americans.
Immigration Quota Act
This was passed in 1924 which cut quotas for foreigners from 3 % to 2% of the total number of immigrants. The main purpose was to freeze America's existing racial composition which was largely Northern European. It also prevented Japanese immigration which led to fury in Japan.
Bill passed by Congress to enforce the language of the 18th Amendment. This bill made the manufacture and distribution of alcohol illegal within the borders of the United States.