1800-1848: Period 4, Part IV
Chapter 10: The Age of Jackson, 1824-1844
Terms in this set (32)
The "average" American citizen, whose concerns are represented in government.
Universal Man Suffrage
giving all adult men the right to vote.
Party Nominating Convention
Caucuses were replaced by this in the 1830s, where party politicians and voters would gather in a large meeting hall to nominate the party's canditates.
Nickname for a closed-door meeting of a political party's leaders in Congress.
Popular election of the president
A more democratic method of allowing the voters to choose a state's slate of presidential electors.
Attacked the secret societies of Masons and accused them of belonging to a privileged antidemocratic elite.
Practice of dispensing government jobs in retern for party loyalty.
John Quincy Adams
Won the election of 1824 and aliented followers of Jackson by asking Congress for money for internal improvements, aid to manufacturing, and even a national university and an astronomical observatory.
Secretary of state to president John Adams.
Tarrif of 1828
Nicknamed the "tariff of abominations," this tarrif law generally satisfied northern manufacturers but alienated southern planters.
Won the elction of 1828. A strong leader, he not only dominated politics for eight years but also became a symbol for the emerging working class and middle class.
Refers to the presidential election of 1824 in which Henry Clay, the Speaker of the House, convinced the House of Representatives to elect Adams rather than Jackson.
This type of campaigning caused three times the number of voters to participate in the election of 1828 as in the previous election.
Revolution of 1828
When Jackson's election showed shift of political power to "the common man" (1828)
Peggy Eaton Affair
This was when the wife of Jackson's secretary of war was the target of malicious gossip by other cabinet wives.
Indian Removal Act (1830)
Forced the resettlement of many thousands of Native Americans.
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
Case when the Cherokees challenged Georgie in the courts about Indian removal. The Supreme Court ruled that Cherokees were not a foreign nation with the right to sue in a federal court.
Worchester v. Georgia
In this case, the high court ruled that the laws of Georgia had no force within the boundaries of the Cherokee territory.
Trail of Tears
Name for when the Cherokees had to face the hardships of the tragic westward trek. 4,000 of them died.
When southerners favored freedom of trade and believed in the authority of states over the federal government.
John C. Calhoun
Jackson's first vice president who advanced the nullification theory where each state had the right to decide whether to obey a federal law or declare it null and of no effect.
Proclomation to the People of South Carolina
The president issued this to South Carolina stating that nullification and disunion were treason.
Bank of the United States
Jackson denounced this as a private monopoly that enriched the wealthy and foreigners at the expense of the common people.
The Bank of the United States's president whose arrogance contributed to the suspicion that the bank abused its powers and served the interests of the wealthy.
People from this party supported Jackson. Harked back to the old Republican party of Jefferson.
People from this party supported Henry Clay. Resembled the defunct Federalist party of Alexander Hamilton.
This Secretary of Treasury aided Jackson in his second term to transfer funds from the destroyed national bank to various state banks.
A term used by Jackson's opponents to describe the state banks that the federal government used for new revenue deposits in an attempt to destroy the Second Bank of the United States; the practice continued after the charter for the Second Bank expired in 1836.
Executive order that required payment in gold/silver in order to buy land since paper money was inflating.
Panic of 1837
Economic downturn caused by specie circular and a wave of foreclosures
Martin van Buren
Served as secretary of state during Andrew Jackson's first term, vice president during Jackson's second term, and won the presidency in 1836
"Log cabin and hard cider" campaign
1840 Whig election campaign designed to highlight Harrison's humble origins.
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1800-1848: Period 4, Part I
1800-1848: Period 4, Part II
1800-1848: Period 4, Part III
1800-1848: Period 4, Part V