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human geo ch8
Terms in this set (51)
African Traditional Religion
various, mostly animistic religions practiced in Africa
the belief that deities or souls inhabit everyday objects
a universalizing religion founded in the 19th century and practiced in nearly every country today
A religion founded in the sixth century BC and practiced today by over 400 million people. It emphasizes that life is suffering, but by living a proper life a human can achieve enlightenment and break free from the cycle of births and deaths.
In Hindu areas, a complex division of society based on hereditary classes that are distinguished by their degree of ritual purity.
The world's largest religion, grounded in Judaic beliefs and based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ, who Christians believe is the son of God.
A Chinese folk religion or philosophy that began about 2,500 years ago and that emphasizes proper social relationships and individual morality.
an early sect of Christianity primarily practiced in Egypt and Ethiopia
A key concept in Hinduism, one's proper duty in life.
A group that identifies with a particular homeland or territory but whose members are now dispersed.
In Buddhism, the proper way to eliminate desire and achieve enlightenment.
Religions that are primarily associated with one ethnicity, such as Shinto in Japan or Hinduism.
Basic acts that Muslims are supposed to carry out, including a confession of faith, prayer, charity, observance of Ramadan, and participation in a pilgrimage to Mecca.
Four Noble Truths
In Buddhism, principles that the Buddha taught concerning the nature of existence.
The breakup, in 1054, of the major sect of Christianity into the Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church.
the annual pilgrimage to Mecca that all capable Muslims are expected to undertake at least once in their lifetime
The movement of Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to what is now Medina in 622 AD, an event regarded as the start of the Islamic calendar.
The ancient and complex ethnic religion practiced primarily in India. It emphasizes reincarnation, the worship of any one of many gods, and the consequences of one's actions.
a monotheistic religion with 2 major sects. It was founded in the 17th century by the prophet Muhammad and is now the 2nd largest religion in the world. Its practitioners are known as Muslims
A small religion founded in the sixth century BC and practiced mostly in India or where Indians settle. It emphasizes the elimination of all activity that would accumulate bad karma.
A Jewish prophet, whose teachings form the basis for Christianity and whom Christians believe was the Messiah
an old, monotheistic, and ethnic religion, which, despite its small size, has had a strong influence on human history and which formed a spiritual foundation for Christianity and Islam. Its practitioners are known as Jews
in religions such as Hinduism and Buddhism, the notion that every action a person takes, whether good or bad, has a consequence in the future
prepared according to Jewish laws and traditions and most commonly used to refer to food
one of the two largest branches of Buddhism, practiced primarily in East and Southeast Asia. Generally, it has more mystical and spiritual elements than Theravada Buddhism.
A type of religion that believes in one Supreme Being.
a house of worship in Islam and distinguished by a tower known as a minaret
The seventh-century prophet that Muslims believe is a messenger of God; the founder of the religion of Islam.
Places that are sacred to a religion because it is believed that a deity or other supernatural entity came into direct contact with humans at those locations.
the primary teachings of Buddhism; also know as the Tripitaka
A religion that believes in many deities.
places that are not holy or sacred; everyday places
an important religious movement, which began in Europe in the 16th century and was marked by a rejection of the power and rituals of the Catholic Church. It led to the rise of Protestant Christian sects.
the holy book of Islam, believed by Muslims to be the actual words of God as revealed to Muhammad
In religions such as Hinduism, the belief that souls are reborn after death in other life forms.
A cultural system of beliefs, traditions, and practices, often centered around the worship of a deity or deities.
a place that has religious or spiritual importance
Traditional Muslim law as set forth in the Qur'an and the example set by Muhammad in his lifetime.
The traditional animistic religion of Japan.
Siddhartha ( The Buddha)
an noble born in the Himalayas approximately 2500 years ago who rejected his life of privilege and sought a path to enlightenment. His teachings form the basis for Buddhism
Monotheistic religion founded in South Asia in the late 15th century by Guru Nanak as a reaction to perceived problems with the teachings of Islam and Hinduism
Jewish house of worship
an ancient Chinese philosophy or religion focused on individual morality, self-restraint, and humility
the oldest of the two major branches of Buddhism. Practiced mainly in Sri Lanka, Thailand, Burma, and Cambodia, its beliefs are relatively conservative, holding close to the original teachings of the Buddha
In Judaism, The first five books of Hebrew Scripture, believed to be the law of God
Faiths practiced by small, isolated groups of people who largely live in developing areas of the world.
the primary teachings of the Buddha; also known as the Pali Canon
Faiths that seek to convert nonbelievers to their ranks.
Within Hindu society, a group whose jobs are considered to be so spiritually and physically impure that they are below all other people in social status and historically have been widely discriminated against.
the branch of Buddhism practiced primarily in Tibet and Mongolia
The holy books of the Hindus.
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