The Aztecs

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Chinampas
"floating gardens", farming islands made by the Aztec,
Quetzalcoatl
"feathered serpent", a god of the Aztecs, god of wisdom, learning and corn, his disappearance and promised return coincided with the arrival of Cortes
Templo Mayor
Main temple at Tenochtitlan, contained the temples of Huitzilopoctli and Tlaloc, site of human sacrifice
Huitzilopoctli
Main god of the Aztecs, known as "blue hummingbird", god of the sun and war
Snake Woman
Actually a man, advisor to the Aztec emperor, responsible for the day to day running of Tenochtitlan
Hernan Cortes
Spanish explorer and conquistador who led the conquest of Aztec Mexico in 1519-1521 for Spain.
Mesoamerica
"Middle America" the region extending from modern-day Mexico through Central America
Aztecs
The Azetcs were a Native American Empire who lived in Mesoamerica. Their capital was Tenochtitlan
Lake Texcoco
Lake where the capital city of the ancient Aztecs Tenochtitlan was built
Tenochtitlan
Capital of the Aztec Empire, located on an island in Lake Texcoco. Mexico City was constructed on its ruins
Tlaloc
Rain god of the Aztecs
Moctezuma
Aztec emperor defeated and killed by the Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortes.
Tezcatlipoca
"The Smoking Mirror", Aztec god of the night sky who was the giver and taker of life and the patron deity of warriors.
Smallpox
a deadly disease that Europeans brought to the New World. Native people had no natural immunity to it
Codex
a pictograph manuscript used by the Aztecs to record historical, religious, governmental, and scientific knowledge
Auto-Sacrifice
Aztec ritual self sacrifice where a priest would pierce his skin and offer blood to the gods
Pilli
Aztec nobles, warriors and priests
Calpulli
clans or in Aztec society, later explanded to include residential groups that distributed land and provided labour and warriors, similar to guilds
Mayeques
labourers in Aztec society, usually farmers
Macehualli
an artisan member of a calpulli in the city of Tenochtitlan, they had the right to use a piece of land to build a house for their family and to cultivate crops