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Terms in this set (50)
A term used for the process of saving data.
Basically a board of keys. Along with the mouse, the keyboard is one of the primary input devices used with a computer.
A scanner is an input device that scans documents such as photographs and pages of text.
International Business Machines.
To find and get information from a computer or disk.
A software program that enables a specific hardware device to work with a computer's operating system.
Whenever you enter data into your computer, it is referred to as input.
The Internet spreads across the globe and consists of countless networks and computers, allowing millions of people to share information.
In the computer world, servers have clients. The "client-server" architecture is common in both local and wide area networks.
the mouse is one of the primary input devices used with today's computers.
Stands for "Compact Disc. The data on a CD is stored as small notches on the disc and is read by a laser from an optical drive
Defragmenting your hard disk is a great way to boost the performance of your computer.
Megahertz (MHz) & Gigahertz (GHz)
Megahertz is used to measure wave frequencies. One gigahertz is equal to 1,000 megahertz (MHz)
When you have two or more computers connected to each other, you have a network. The purpose of a network is to enable the sharing of files and information between multiple systems.
A thin plastic tape that is coated with magnetic material on which information (such as sound or television images) may be stored.
Software that "spies" on your computer.
Hard Disk Drive
The HDD is the most common storage device used to store data.
The monitor displays the computer's user interface and open programs, allowing the user to interact with the computer, typically using the keyboard and mouse.
Stands for "Digital Versatile Disc. A DVD is a high-capacity optical disc that looks like a CD, but can store much more information.
Computer viruses are small programs or scripts that can negatively affect the health of your computer.
Wired or Wireless
Wireless routers are often connected to a network, cable modem, or DSL modem, which provides Internet access to anyone connected to the wireless network. Wired connection requires cables.
A Web server is a computer system that hosts websites. Any computer can be used as a Web server, as long as it is connected to the Internet and has the appropriate software installed.
A printer is an output device that prints paper documents. This includes text documents, images, or a combination of both.
A computer storage device is any type of hardware that stores data. The most common type of storage device, which nearly all computers have, is a hard drive.
A server is a computer that provides data to other computers. It may serve data to systems on a local area network (LAN) or a wide area network (WAN) over the Internet.
The illegal use of someone else's personal identifying information (such as a Social Security number) in order to get money or credit.
Apple is the company that makes Macintosh computers.
The client-server model of computing is a distributed application structure that partitions tasks or workloads between the providers of a resource or service, called servers, and service requesters, called clients.[
A cable modem is a peripheral device used to connect to the Internet. It operates over coax cable TV lines and provides high-speed Internet access.
refers to someone who can gain unauthorized access to other computers. A hacker can "hack" his or her way through the security levels of a computer system or network.
A microphone is a device that captures audio by converting sound waves into an electrical signal.
Satellites are usually semi-independent computer-controlled systems.
Phishing is similar to fishing in a lake, but instead of trying to capture fish, phishers attempt to steal your personal information.
To use or change (numbers, information, etc.) in a skillful way or for a particular purpose.
Any device that outputs information from a computer is called an output device. Since most information from a computer is output in either a visual or auditory format, the most common output devices are the monitor and speakers.
The motherboard is the main circuit board of your computer and is also known as the mainboard or logic board.
Plug and Play
describe devices that work with a computer system as soon as they are connected.
Antivirus & Spyware Protection
Software that is a type of utility used for scanning and removing viruses from your computer.
RAM -- Random Access Memory
RAM is made up of small memory chips that form a memory module. These modules are installed in the RAM slots on the motherboard of your computer.
LAN (Local Area Network)
Stands for "Local Area Network. A LAN is a computer network limited to a small area such as an office building, university, or even a residential home.
Network Card, Modem and Router
Devices that changes the form of electric signals so that information can be sent through telephone lines from one computer to another computer.
ROM -- Read-Only Memory
ROM is memory containing hardwired instructions that the computer uses when it boots up, before the system software loads.
Internet Service Provider (ISP)
In order to connect to the Internet, you need an ISP. It is the company that you (or your parents) pay a monthly fee to in order to use the Internet.
Bar Code Reader
An electronic device for reading printed barcodes. Like a flatbed scanner, it consists of a light source, a lens and a light sensor translating optical impulses into electrical ones
Flash, Stick or USB Drive
A small data storage device that uses flash memory and has a built-in USB connection.
Macintosh is a line of desktop and laptop computers developed by Apple.
Central Processing Unit (CPU)
The CPU is the primary component of a computer that processes instructions. It runs the operating system and applications, constantly receiving input from the user or active software programs.
software programs that add functionality to your computer or help your computer perform better.
Microsoft Windows (PC)
Windows is a series of operating systems developed by Microsoft. Each version of Windows includes a graphical user interface, with a desktop that allows users to view files and folders in windows.
Fiber Optic (FIOS)
This is a cable made up of super-thin filaments of glass or other transparent materials that can carry beams of light.
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