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The Renaissance begins when...
Cosimo de Medici and his friends search Europe for manuscripts. Simply reading pagan authors works would kick you out of the church.
The pope could...
excommunicate Christians guilty of heresy, or believing anything other than what the church preached.
Florentines came to....
watch the building of the dome. They were amazed by Brunelleschi's classical order of arches, which hadn't been used since the fall of Rome.
After observing the construction of the dome of the Roman Pantheon...
Brunelleschi decided that he could not use the same techniques because the size was much larger and the recipe for concrete had been lost.
Brunelleschi also devised a way...
to alter the gears on pulleys so the oxen could pull the heavy beams into the air and return them to group without changing direction.
laid some bricks on the dome because the technique he proposed was so revolutionary that none of the masons wanted to try because they feared for their lives.
Brunelleschi was eventually...
jailed and forced to stop his work when his patron was found guilty of treason.
When Cosimo returned...
he had more power and prestige. The Medici banks became the most important in Europe as they collected money from the Pope.
linear perspective. According to Jeremy Brotten, this changed the way we see, creating a modern image of the world.
The bronze sculpture of...
David by Donatello was the first free-standing statue created since ancient Rome.
Once the dome was finished...
Cosimo organized the general council of Florence, which brought people from all over the world to his city. This included scholars who could translate Greek texts that Cosimo and his friends had been searching for.
How did the Medici gain power?
Through the growth of the merchant banking class, which included the Medici.
How did Giovanni "lay the foundation of their wealth?"
Made money in banking and in the collection of rents. First to patronize the arts
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