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Holy Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire and Russia
Terms in this set (22)
Byzantine emperor in the 6th century A.D. who reconquered much of the territory previously ruler by Rome, initiated an ambitious building program , including Hagia Sofia, as well as a new legal code
the wife of Justinian, she helped to improve the status of women in the Byzantinian Empire and encouraged her husband to stay in Constntinople and fight the Nike Revolt.
A large and wealthy city that was the imperial capital of the Byzantine empire and later the Ottoman empire, now known as Istanbul
captured Constantinople in 1453 and rename it Istanbul; as a result the Byzantine people flee to Italian City-States which becomes a catalyst for the expansion of language and art
Most famous example of Byzantine architecture, it was built under Justinian I and is considered one of the most perfect buildings in the world.
A ruler who has absolute power
Historian of the Byzantine Empire who in his Secret History revealed the cruelty of the autocratic system in which the emperor ruled by divine providence.
(n.) a formal split within a religious organization; any division or separation of a group or organization into hostile factions
Great Schism of 1054
sometimes called the Eastern Schism, this is the division that took place within the Catholic Church in 1054 between the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church
Patterns or pictures made by embedding small pieces of stone or glass in cement on surfaces such as walls and floors
Highest church official in Constantinople
The body of Roman law collected by order of the Byzantine emperor, Justinian around A.D. 534.
How did geography influence the development of the Byzantine Empire?
affected the development because it was the center where they would go and trade. Constantinople gained its wealth because of trade. They had both the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea which were routes that connected most places.
Why is Constantinople important?
was built at a crossroads of major land and sea trade routes that linked Europe with Asia.
center of Byzantine Empire, was a key trade route, and became the New Rome
-harbor-water protection-trade access-silk road
Describe 4 ways Justinian tried to restore the glory of Rome
Rebuilding Constantinople after the revolt of 532, creating a law system, building roads, palaces, public baths, and parks, and defeating a rebellious revolt
Why does the Byzantine Empire have the name 2nd Rome?
Emperor Constantine rebuilt Byzantium's port and renamed it Constantinople, making it the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire or otherwise known as 2nd Rome
How did Justinian organize his government and law?
Set up commission, to collect, revise, and organize the laws of ancient government. It was called Justinian's Code, it was key in organizing laws.
How was Theodora significant to Justinian's rule?
She had political influence and passed laws, and built churches.She was the beautiful wife of emperor Justinian and one of his closest advisors. She was the influencer to create the laws to give women the right to own property.
What was the Great Schism?
1054 CE, Rift between Rome and Constantinople which led split between the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Western Roman Catholic Church
The eastern church was allowed to marry, Greek was the language of the eastern church and they believed that the patriarch is a leader only of an area. The west says the pope is the leader of all Christians. These differences led to the great schism.
The Byzantine church became the Eastern Orthodox church and the western church became the Roman Catholic Church.
How was the Byzantine Church able to preserve and spread Greek and Roman knowledge and culture?
The Byzantine empire was considered the shadow of the Roman Empire. Justinian code preserved roman law. Byzantine culture was strongly rooted in Greece and preserved Hellenistic science, philosophy, art, and literature.
What caused the fall of the Byzantine Empire?
-empire was under attack by the Russians, the Persians, and the Islam
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