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Types of Gov, Enlightenment, Revolution.
Terms in this set (30)
absence of government
A government ruled by a king or queen
A form of government in which the people select representatives to govern them and make laws.
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
A system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production.
an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state.
the government owns and controls all aspects of life for its citizens
A government ruled by a few powerful people
government run by religious leaders
Baron de Montesquieu
believed government should have separation of powers
Advocated for freedom of speech and religion
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.
believed that people are born selfish and need a strong central authority
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
Idea that government should play as small a role as possible in economic affairs.
Everything the government does should be in the best interest of the people
A movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions.
French and Indian War
a war in North America between France and Britain (both aided by indian tribes)
Common Sense by Thomas Paine
Pamphlet that encouraged the Colonists to fight the British
Articles of Confederation
A weak government that governed America during the end of the Revolutionary War. States had all the power.
A person who supported the British during the American Revolution
supporters of the Constitution and central government
Opponents of the American Constitution and advocated for states rights..
1787; This compromise was between the large and small states of the colonies. The Great Compromise resolved that there would be representation by population in the House of Representatives, and equal representation would exist in the Senate. Each state, regardless of size, would have 2 senators. All tax bills and revenues would originate in the House. This compromise combined the needs of both large and small states and formed a fair and sensible resolution to their problems.
the upper house of the U.S. Congress; 100 members
House of Representatives
the lower legislative house of the United States Congress 435 members
A change to the Constitution
Branch of government that decides if laws are carried out fairly.
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
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