Progressive Era

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Panic of 1893
Major recession that served as the inspiration for the Progressive Era.
William Jennings Bryan
Ran for president three times. Progressive orator known for his support for popular democracy and conservative values.
Gold Standard
The idea that there must be an equal amount of gold per dollar of U.S. currency.
Progressive Movement
Socio-political movement that attempted social and economic improvement in America.
Social Gospel
The application of Christian ethics to social problems.
Prohibition
Outlawing liquor in all its forms. Supported by constitutional amendment.
Carrie Nation
An aging woman who supported Prohibition with a hatchet.
muckrakers
Journalists who dig up controversial stories, usually about human suffering or abuse.
Jacob Riis
Muckraking photographer who sought to inform the upper classes about the living conditions of the poor.
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory
A fire at this location led to most modern workplace safety laws.
Unions
Groups of workers who attempt to get management to change rules/policies/pay.
Pullman Strike
A wildcat strike over railroad wages. Ended by Cleveland, which led to arguments about presidential constitutional authority.
Socialism
When the government controls part of the economy, especially an entire segment (i.e. Health Care). Stems from the idea that cooperation is superior to competition.
Eugene V. Debs
Progressive-era socialist. Key player in workplace reform.
Suffrage
Voting.
Susan B. Anthony
A major player in the women's suffrage movement.
Henry Ford
Reworked the factory system to produce cheaper automobiles.
Rough Riders
Group of cowboys formed into a military unit by Theodore Roosevelt. Most famous for their charge up San Juan Hill.
bully pulpit
The idea that the president uses his position to force others to do what is best for the American people.
Square Deal
Roosevelt's policy towards the American public, where everyone gets a fair amount of pay for a fair amount of work.
Meat Inspection Act
A response to Upton Sinclair's The Jungle, this act requires health inspectors to examine certain foods for safety.
Pure Food & Drug Act
Act that requires companies to accurately label food products that limits the amount of non-food that they contain.
Conservation
The idea of preserving nature for future use.
Antiquities Act
Act that allows the president to set aside certain areas as National Monuments.
Panama Canal
Connects the Atlantic and the Pacific oceans through Central America.
Bull Moose Party
Another name for Roosevelt's Progressive Party.