20 terms

Sociology 205 Chapter 9 quiz

In every society from the hunting and gathering society to the post industrial society, what has been the most common basis for social stratification?
The division of large numbers of people into layers according to their relative power, property ,and prestige is referred to as:
Social stratification
What were the three major causes of slavery prior to the 17th century?
crime, debt, and war
A system of beliefs that justifies a paticular social arrangement such as slavery is called:
An ideology
What is the basis of India's caste system?
What is the significant difference between the class system and the system of slavery, caste and estate?
The class system has fluid boundaries
what term would Karl Marx use when workers mistakenly identify with the capitalists simply because they own a few shares of stock or work as managers of large corporations?
False class consciousness
The ability to control others, even over their objections is referred to as:
According to Gaetano Mosca, every society is stratified by___ to ensure that society's work gets done.
Of the following methods, which would be the best way to perserve a stratification system?
controlling ideas, information, technology, and social networks through ideology.
Of the following technologies, which does government have the greatest difficulty controlling?
internet information and email
On what basis was the stratification system of the old soviet union based?
political position within the communist party
which of the following nations fails to fit into the stratification typology of most industrialized, industrializing, and least industrialized nations?
In world system theory, nations totally left out the development of capitalism, which stagnated their economy, are called
The external area
England was one of the first nations in which industrial capitalism developed. According to world system theory, England would be a ____ nation
The economic system based on investing to make profits that is becoming the globe's dominant economic system is called:
The globalization of capitalism
Some nations have traditionally been in poverty from one generation to the next, relying on tradition rather than experimenting with new technology that may improve their standard of living. What is this explanation for global stratification called?
Culture of poverty
What was the purpose of colonialism as it was practiced by the major European powers in the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries?
To exploit the annexed nation's people and resources
The control of the least industrialized nations by theindustrialized nations through debts owed to them is referred to as:
Multinational corporations often funnel money to elities in the Least industrialized countries to create a "favorable buisness climate." This "favorable buisness climate: means the creations of ____ and ___.
low taxes; cheap labor