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35 terms

Bio Ch 14 Sec 1-4 Cumulative Vocab Review

STUDY
PLAY
cell
basic unit of structure in a living thing
cell membrane
outside boundary of cell
nucleus
control center of cell
cytoplasm
clear jellylike substance containing cell organelles
tissue
a group of similar cells
musclar tissue
can contract or shorten
nervous tissue
directs and controls processes in your body
connective tissue
provides support and connects all parts of the body
epithelial tissue
tissue on the surface of the body
organ
structure composed of different types of tissues
organ system
group of organs that work together to perform a major function
homeostasis
internal environment is kept stable and balanced
stress
reaction of your body to potentially threatening event
skeleton
framework made up of bones
vertebrae
backbone
joint
where 2 or more bones come together
ligament
connects bone to bone
cartilage
flexible connective tissue
compact bone
hard dense part of bone
spongy bone
open spaces keeps bone lightweight
marrow
red and yellow soft connective tissue
osteoporosis
body's bones become weak and break easily
involuntary muscle
not under conscious control
voluntary muscle
under conscious control
skeletal muscle
attached to bone for movement
tendon
attaches muscle to bone
striated muscle
another name for skeletal muscle
smooth muscle
muscle found in internal organs
cardiac muscle
heart muscle
epidermis
outer layer of skin
melanin
pigment found in skin that determines color
dermis
inner layer of skin
pore
opening in skin
follicle
where hair growth occurs
cancer
uncontrollable cell division