27 terms

Unit 4 Flashcards

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Terms in this set (...)

Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments to the Constitution
1st Amendment
freedom of religion, assembly, press, petition, and speech. [RAPPS]
2nd Amendment
the right to bear arm
3rd Amendment
no housing of soldiers without consent
4th Amendment
no unreasonable searches or seizures [must be conducted with a warrant or probable cause]
5th Amendment
right to grand jury indictment,no double jeopardy,freedom from self-incrimination due process of law
6th Amendment
right to a speedy and public trial. right to fair jury.right to know what you being accused of.right to see/hear witnesses against you.right to have a witness to help defend you.right to a lawyer.
7th Amendment
right to a trial by jury in civil cases
8th Amendment
no cruel or unusual punishment, no excessive bails or fines
9th Amendment
citizens have more rights than those listed in the Constitution
10th Amendment
powers not given to the federal government stay with the state, and with the people
Tinker v. Des Moines
The case that ruled that students do not lose Constitutional rights (Freedom of Speech) when they entered the building but they can be limited if they cause a disruption
Gun Control
more limits (restrictions) on gun ownership
Miranda v. Arizona
Supreme Court held that criminal suspects must be informed of their right to consult with an attorney and of their right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police.
Miranda Rights
You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law. You have a right to an attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney, one will be appointed for you.
capital punishment
punishment by death for a crime; death penalty
New Jersey v. TLO
gave schools ability to search students suspected of violating school rules without limit; weakened student rights
13th Amendment
abolished slavery
14th Amendment
all people born or naturalized in the United States have equal rights regardless of their race
15th Amendment
gave African American men the right to vote
19th Amendment
gave women the right to vote
24th Amendment
ended the use of poll taxes by the government
26th Amendment
gave 18, 19 and 20 year olds the right to vote
repeal
to cancel a law
due process of law
the government must treat people accused of crimes fairly and follow all of the legal steps
coerce
to persuade an unwilling person to do something by using force or threats - like Nga Truong's forced confession
suffrage
the right to vote