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Pharmaceutics II : Solutions (test 2)
Terms in this set (26)
A ______ is a homogeneous mixture that is prepared by dissolving a solid, liquid, or gas in another liquid and represents a group of preparations in which the molecules of the solute or dissolved substances are dispersed among those of the solvent.
______ is the major ingredient in most of the liquid formulations
Alkaline water contains ______
Osmosis uses a ______ membrane
______ are clear
aqueous solutions of volatile oils or other aromatic or volatile substances. Ex: Peppermint Water USP, Stronger Rose Water USP. Used as flavored or perfumed vehicles
______ is an aqueous solution directed against a part or into a cavity of the body. Functions as cleansing or antiseptic agent.
An ______ is the injection of fluid into the lower bowel via the rectum
______ enemas: preparation to influence the general system by absorption, to affect a local disease
______: small volume preparations for the purpose of absorption
Many ______ must be diluted with water prior to use, are aqueous solutions frequently containing antiseptics, antibiotics, and/or anesthetics used for treating the pharynx, and nasopharynx.
______ are aqueous solutions often in concentrated form containing one or more active ingredients and excipients
______ are isotonic, buffered to pH 5.5-6.5.
______ are concentrated solutions of sugar such as sucrose in water or other aqueous liquid. 85 % W/V or 66.7 % W/W is a common concentration to inhibit the growth of bacteria.
______ such as
may be added to retard crystallization of sucrose or to increase the solubility of added ingredients.
Sucrose hydrolysis = ______
Levulose is ______ than sucrose and is responsible for darkening.
Levulose, sucrose, dextrose relative sweetness = ______
______ are thick, viscid, adhesive liquids, produced by dispersing gum in water. Used to suspend insoluble material in liquid (emulsifying agent)
______ are liquid preparations containing
in a mixture of ethyl ether and ethanol. Where when applied, ethyl ether/ethanol evaporate and leave behind the pyroxylin.
______ are clear pleasantly flavored, sweetened
, main ingredients are
______ are solutions or mixtures of medical substances in not less than 50% by weight of ______. They are
and should be stored in tightly closed containers.
______ consists of drugs or combinations of drugs that, by virtue of their
high vapor pressure
can be carried by an air current into the nasal passage.
______ can be solutions or mixtures of various substances in oil, alcoholic solutions of soap, or emulsions. Can be liquid or semiliquid, applied with friction.
______ are fish-liver oils diluted with edible vegetable oil or vitamin concentrates. Store in small tight containers, under vacuum or inert gas.
______ are alcoholic or hydroalcoholic solutions of volatile substances. Store in tight, light resistant containers in a cool place.
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