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Ecclesiology - Ch. 2 Jesus Christ Instituted the Church
Terms in this set (37)
A name Jesus used for God the Father and invited us to use in our prayer as well. It is similar to "Daddy," indicating a close, familiar, and loving relationship.
Latin for "in the year of our Lord," usually abbreviated "AD" to reference a given year in history. The fact that today we count the years from the date of Jesus' Birth bears witness to his importance in the entire world.
The visit of the angel Gabriel to the virgin Mary to inform her that she was to be the mother of the Savior. After giving her consent to God's word, Mary became the mother of Jesus by the power of the Holy Spirit.
Literally, "one who is sent." Jesus selected Twelve Apostles to be his inner circle of companions and to carry out his mission after his Ascension.
Christ's return to Heaven from the Mount of Olives before his Apostles' very eyes, forty days after his Death and Resurrection.
"Little town" where Jesus was born, in the land of Judea.
Body of Christ
A name of the Church used frequently by St. Paul; it highlights the unity of Christ and the Church.
Bride of Christ
A name of the Church derived from the writings of St. Paul; it highlights the purity and holiness that Christ has bestowed upon the Church.
Literally, "universal." As used in the early Church, the term referred to the fact that the Gospel of Christ was for the entire world; today it is also the name for the Catholic Church, the universal Church established by Christ.
Literally, "one who follows." Sometimes in Scripture, the term is applied to the Twelve Apostles; at other times, and more generally, it refers to the entire crowd of Jesus' followers and believers.
Refers to the fact that the Sacrament of Baptism makes us spiritual sons and daughters of God.
A small village a few hours' journey away from Jerusalem. After his Resurrection, two of Jesus' followers met him on the road to Emmaus, but did not recognize him until he broke bread with them.
From the Greek for "manifestation." The Feast of Epiphany celebrates the adoration of the Christ child by the Magi, the Baptism of Christ in the Jordan, and his first miracle at the wedding in Cana.
The Sacrament by which bread and wine are consecrated by a priest and become the true Body and Blood of Christ, which the faithful consume in Holy Communion; more broadly, Eucharist, which means "thanksgiving," refers to the Catholic Mass itself.
Family of God
A name of the Church derived from the teaching of Christ; it highlights the intimate communion that the Father offers to man in the Person of Jesus Christ, in whom we are made sons and daughters of God.
From the Latin, meaning "to become flesh," referring to the mystery of Jesus Christ, the divine Son of God, becoming man. In the Incarnation, Jesus Christ became truly man while remaining truly God.
kingdom of heaven
A name of the Church used frequently by Jesus; it highlights the relationship between the Davidic kingdom and the Church.
Lamb of God
The Passover sacrifice at the Exodus. This was a type of Jesus Christ, the perfect sacrifice, "who takes away the sins of the world."
The celebration of the final Passover meal of Jesus and his Apostles in the "upper room," just before his arrest, Passion, Crucifixion, and Death. It was during this meal that he instituted the Eucharist.
The "wise men" who came from the East to find the Christ child in Bethlehem.
An inexhaustible truth, something that can be known with certainty through faith but can never be fully understood by human reason.
Mystical Body of Christ
The faithful People of God, who in a supernatural way become one body, with Christ as its head.
A brief narrative or allegory (usually of something that might naturally occur) used to illustrate and explain moral or spiritual principles.
Descent of the Holy Spirit on the Apostles; Birthday of the Church
People of God
Those born into the Church through faith in Christ and Baptism.
Name sometimes used to describe the Church because it is on a "journey" in this world; although the Church itself is perfect as created by Christ, its Faithful seek greater holiness and intimacy with Christ and thus are ever traveling toward the house of God the Father.
Term used to describe the Eucharist, in which Jesus is really and fully present—Body, Blood, Soul, and Divinity—under the species of bread and wine, which have been consecrated to become his Body and Blood.
Jesus' coming back to life on the third day after his Crucifixion, Death and burial, thus conquering both sin and death and making possible the redemption of humanity.
An efficacious sign of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church, by which divine life is dispensed through the work of the Holy Spirit. There are seven sacraments.
A local place for Jewish worship and study.
The Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, which, because of their similarities, can be "seen together" in parallel columns and mutually compared.
Temple of the Holy Spirit
A title of the Church used by St. Paul; it highlights the relationship between the Church and the Old Testament Temple in Jerusalem.
Related to time, being of this earth. A temporal king rules his kingdom on earth; an eternal or Everlasting King rules both Heaven and earth.
Latin for "whole Christ," made up of Jesus, the head, and the Church, his Mystical Body.
The study of how the New Testament is foreshadowed in the Old Testament.
Also, "the Twelve" or "the Apostles," they assisted Jesus in his public ministry and are Christ's chosen witnesses of his Resurrection and the foundation on which the Church is built. The Apostles were the first bishops of the Church.
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