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16 terms


A.P Government study guide
What demographic rules exist for:
a. those who vote
b. those who don't vote
a. those who vote
• Higher education, advanced degrees
• Those with annual incomes over 65 K vote.
• 30 years and older
• Both men and women but women are just a tad bit more because they have slightly more than 50 % of the American population
• White vote more than any other race
b. those who don't vote
• Less education
• Under 35K annual income
• 18yrs- 24 yrs have least outcome
• African Americans, Hispanics, other minorities
How can citizens participate in politics? (in ways besides voting)
Linkage institutions (media, blogging, networking, newspapers, taking polls, surveys, rallying, lobbying, etc)
How did the Electoral College work before the 12th Amendment?
a. What changed?
Before the 12th Amendment, the electors voted on two candidates. One could not be an inhabitant of the same state as the elector himself. The Electoral College also has to make a list of all candidates, number of votes per candidate, this list is signed and certified and send the list to the President. The Electoral College would cast two votes for the President.
a. Now the Electoral College is casts one vote for the President and one for the Vice President instead of two for the President.
What is the difference between a plurality and a majority?
Plurality is when the candidates receive less than 50% of the majority vote, yet the candidate who receives the most votes would have the plurality. Majority is when the candidate receives more than 50% of the vote.
What is the winner-take-all rule of the Electoral College?
a. Is it used by all 50 states and WADC?
The winner-take-all rule is when a candidate receives more than 50% of the majority vote and wins.
a. Winner-take-all is used in all 50 states and Washington DC
Who are electors?
a. Are they on the ballot?
An elector is a person elected by voters during the presidential election as members of the Electoral College.
b. Electors may or may not appear on the ballot.
How do you become an elector?
Methods are determined in each state.
How many electors do you need to win to become POTUS? (President of the United States)
270 electors
What happens if no one gets to that number of electors?
If no one reaches to the 270 electoral college votes, the president then gets voted by the house of representatives, and the vice president elected by the senate.
Voting Timeline
b. When does the public vote?
c. When do electors vote?
d. When are the votes counted?
e. When do we find out who the POTUS really is?
b. After the presidential candidates are selected
c. The electors vote when there are two candidates left in running
d. The votes are counted when the electors send in the votes to the senate. The President of the senate then opens the certificates, and counts the votes. This takes place on January 6th unless it's a Sunday, then it's on the next day.
e. After the Electoral College finishes voting.
How does the Electoral Vote "magnify" the popular vote?
The Electoral Vote magnifies the popular vote because the Electoral Vote is generally the representation of what the state wants.
What type of states get the most electoral college votes per citizen? Why?
The states with the largest populations generally get more electoral votes. This occurs because electoral votes are representative of population so the greater the population, the more votes a state will be given.
What is exit polling?
b. How did it influence the 2000 Presidential Election?
An exit poll is when voters take a poll right after they vote and the purpose of the poll is to predict the outcome of the election. This allows the media to predict the outcome of key races and are taken a few minutes after the polls close.
b. In the 2000 Election, they led newscasters to inaccurately call that Florida's votes went to Gore.
What are the characteristics of a reliable poll?
The characteristics of a reliable poll are: unbiased questions, no pre-selected answers and no multiple choice answers. Answers should also be unbiased and objective.
What is margin of error?
Margin of error is a measure of the accuracy of a public opinion poll. It is the Allowance of miscalculation of error, size of margin of error varies.
What is a polling sample?
A polling sample is a sample of the results of a specific poll. This is used to make predictions about the outcome of the actual polling event.