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Nutrition ch 8 & 9
Terms in this set (36)
If a woman who drinks a cup of decaffeinated coffee in the morning, a cup of fruit juice with lunch, 6 cups of water throughout the day and a cup of tea at bedtime, her fluid intake would be considered
Having only softened tap water at home would be of most concern to a(n)
retired man with hypertension
Interstitial fluid is the body fluid
Between the cell
Dehydration is most likely to have a negative effect on
body temperature regulation
It would be most difficult for the body to maintain homeostasis if over several days someone had an inadequate intake of
If an athlete ran a marathon, sweated profusely, and drank only water with some sugar to replace fluids and carbohydrate, his or her body would increase secretion of
If a patient complained of muscle weakness, confusion, decreased appetite, and irregular heartbeat, it would be important to check blood levels of
In an older adult who is usually very alert, disorientation may be a sign of
If an elderly client who lives alone and has a limited income has edema, it would be important to evaluate his or her dietary intake of sodium and
Secondary magnesium deficiency is most likely to occur in
association with excessive vomiting and diarrhea
Of the following, the food choice that contains the least sodium is
Corn on the cob
A sodium intake of 2100 mg daily by a healthy adult would be considered
below the maximum recommended level.
A family with three young children has limited income, relies on public transportation, and has just moved into a very old apartment complex with old plumbing and lead pipes. The best recommendation to minimize lead exposure would be to
run the tap water for 2 minutes before using it.
If someone took a 6-hour car ride in an air-conditioned vehicle without making any bathroom stops, they weigh less at the end of the trip than at the beginning because
of insensible fluid losses from the skin and lungs
The first signal that the body needs fluid is
the sensation of thirst
Hemosiderosis, storage of too much iron in the body, is most likely to occur in a(n)
man who drinks five or more alcoholic beverages every night
The most accurate way to measure body fat levels is to use
underwater weighing (densitometry).
For a man, a total body fat level of 18% is considered
If a health practitioner wants to assess whether an underweight woman's body fat is too low, he or she may ask her whether
she menstruates regularly
If a woman's waist measurement is 34 inches and her hip measurement is 40 inches, her waist-to-hip ratio would be considered to be _____ risk for chronic disease.
associated with a high
Frank and Gina are trying to lose weight. They walk 2 miles every evening after dinner, are eating smaller portions, and have stopped eating snacks between meals. Frank has lost twice as much weight as Gina. What is the most likely explanation?
Gina has a gynoid shape, and Frank has an android shape
It would be especially beneficial for someone to avoid becoming obese if they have a family history of
sleep apnea and osteoarthritis.
To lose a pound of body fat in a week, daily energy expenditure would have to increase by approximately _____ kcal.
If someone goes to a seafood buffet and eats large portions of shrimp, crab, and baked fish, being careful to avoid fried seafood and high-fat sauces, the extra protein consumed will be stored as
triglycerides in adipocytes.
According to set point theory, if weight or fatness falls below the level perceived to be appropriate by the body, the individual will
experience an overall increase in hunger drive.
The most important factor in setting behavioral goals is
individual habits and preferences
If a client wants to relearn to pay attention to hunger and satiety cues, he or she may find it helpful to
keep a journal of perceived emotions.
An athlete's kilocalorie intake is most likely to be appropriate if he or she
maintains a competitive and healthy weight.
If an athlete weighed 150 lbs at the beginning of an athletic event and weighed 146 lb at the end of the event because of water lost in sweat, their athletic performance toward the end of the event would be
The best way for someone to measure fluid loss during a workout is
loss of body weight.
Sports drinks may be more beneficial than water for an athlete who
runs for at least 2 hours, 4 days a week.
An example of a good food for replacing glycogen stores is
The person who is mostly likely to need to be concerned about the adequacy of his or her protein intake is a
female vegetarian runner with a low kilocalorie intake.
The factor that is most effective in increasing muscle mass is
An example of an athlete who is most likely to benefit from a multivitamin or mineral supplement that provides 100% of the Daily Recommended Intake (DRI) is a
An example of a beverage that may have a demonstrated ergogenic effect is
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