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World History B | World Wars Guide Review
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Terms in this set (56)
No Man's Land
an unoccupied area between opposing armies
Great War/World War I/War to End all Wars
This war was going to end all wars. It became known to those who witnessed its horrors as "the war to end all wars."
Archduke of Austria-Hungary assassinated by a Serbian nationalist. A major catalyst for WWI.
policy of supporting neither side in a war
Prepare military forces for war
This called for Germany to defeat France in the west, knocking it out of the war before Russia could mobilize its huge army in the east.
Why did Britain enter the war?
Because Germany invaded Belgium, which Britain had pledged to defend its neutrality
Austria-Hungary, Germany, Ottoman Empire
Allied Powers (Allies)
Great Britain, France, Russia
A form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battlefield.
A situation in which no progress can be made or no advancement is possible
A line of trenches and fortifications in World War I that stretched without a break from Switzerland to the North Sea. Scene of most of the fighting between Germany, on the one hand, and France and Britain, on the other.
New Technology of WWI
machine guns, tanks, planes, poison gas, gas masks
In WWI, the region along the German-Russian Border where Russians and Serbs battled Germans, Austrians, and Turks.
A limited portion or allowance of food or goods; limitation of use
information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.
a German submarine that was the first submarine employed in warfare, initially used during WW1
Why did the US originally remain neutral?
To sell goods and services to both sides of the war
A British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-Boat on May 7, 1915. 128 Americans died. The sinking greatly turned American opinion against the Germans, helping the move towards entering the war.
A telegram Germany Sent to Mexico to convince Mexico to attack the U.S.
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
A policy that the Germans announced on January 1917 which stated that their submarines would sink any ship in the British waters
Why does the US enter the war?
1. sinking of the Lustiania
2. Germany violates Sussex pledge (must search ships first) and resumes USW
3. Zimmerman note intercepted: Germany asks to ally with Mexico to attack US
28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, created Federal Reserve, Federal Trade Commission, Clayton Antitrust Act, progressive income tax, lower tariffs, women's suffrage (reluctantly), Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 points post-war plan, League of Nations (but failed to win U.S. ratification), won Nobel Peace Prize
A series of proposals in which U.S. president Woodrow Wilson outlined a plan for achieving a lasting peace after World War I.
What happened on November 11, 1918 at 11am?
They called for a ceasefire ending the war
An agreement to stop fighting
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
Terms for Germany under Treaty of Versailles
required to decrease the size of its military, give up all colonial holdings, pay $33 Billion in war debts, and accept all responsibility for WWI (War Guilt Clause)
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
US involvement in League of Nations
The fourteen points stated that something like this should be created. Congress wanted the US to remain neutral and declined joining.
the last czar of Russia who was forced to abdicate in 1917 by the Russian Revolution
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924).
A group of revolutionary Russian Marxists who took control of Russia's government in November 1917
Britain, France, and Russia- Later joined by Italy and US
The union of Austria with Germany, resulting from the occupation of Austria by the German army in 1938.
Accepting demands in order to avoid conflict
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland in 1939
A theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.
(FDR) , June 6, 1944, 160,000 Allied troops landed along a 50-mile stretch of heavily-fortified French coastline to fight Nazi Germany on the beaches of Normandy, France. General Dwight D. Eisenhower called the operation a crusade in which "we will accept nothing less than full victory." More than 5,000 Ships and 13,000 aircraft supported the D-Day invasion, and by day's end on June 6, the Allies gained a foot- hold in Normandy.
1935 - in a bid to prove fascism's military might, Mussolini ordered Italian troops to invade this place. The League of Nations objected but did nothing to stop him.
A political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
Final solution of the Jewish question-murder of every single Jew-had begun-mass arresting, and trafficking of Jews to the concentration camps-mass killings occurred as well in the gas chambers
German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945), Nazi leader and founder; had over 6 million Jews assassinated during the Holocaust
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
A policy of nonparticipation in international economic and political relations
This referred to the problem that the Germans had with the Jews. The answer was destruction.
(Night of the Broken Glass) November 9, 1938, when mobs throughout Germany destroyed Jewish property and terrorized Jews.
'My Struggle' by hitler, later became the basic book of nazi goals and ideology, reflected obsession
A policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war
founded fascism and ruled Italy for almost 21 years, most of that time as dictator. He dreamed of building Italy into a great empire, but he led his nation to defeat in World War II (1939-1945) and was executed by his own people.
a member of the National Socialist German Workers' Party.
Base in hawaii that was bombed by japan on December 7, 1941, which eagered America to enter the war.
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
The Third German Empire, established by Adolf Hitler in the 1930s.
A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
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