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Christianity 2500 Midterm (Chpt 2-7)
Terms in this set (78)
the attribution of human characteristics or behavior to a god, animal, or object.
an established set of principles or code of laws, often religious in nature
The theory that the Torah came to exist through the combination of several originally separate "documents." The most common "documents" are labeled: J, E, P & D. the Jahwist/Yahwist eloquent not afraid to define God in human terms (J), Elohist focus on leadership, covenants and fear of God (E), Deuteronomist focus on interpreting Israel's experience with regards to it's obedience to it's covenant with God (D), and Priestly views God as distant and foreboding (P) sources.
An alternative name for the Maccabeans, the family of Jewish priests that began the revolt against Syria in 167 B.C.E. and that ruled Israel prior to the Roman conquest of 63 B.C.E.
The adoption of Greek ways and speech as happened in the case of Jews living in the Diaspora
Abraham's son that God promised to give him with his wife, Sarah; he became the father of Jacob
grandson of Abraham, son of Isaac and Rebekah, brother of Esau, and the traditional ancestor of Israelites. His name was changed to Israel, and his 12 sons became the 12 Tribes of Israel.
Second Temple Period
Era of Jewish history from ca. 539 B.C.E. to 70 C.E., when the Romans destroyed the Second Temple
Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible
in ancient Hebrew cosmology this was the underworld, the dwelling place of the dead
the Jewish scriptures which consist of three divisions--the Torah and the Prophets and the Writings
A Hebrew word meaning "law," referring to the first five books of the Old Testament.
A Greek word meaning "five books," referring to the first five books of the Old Testament.
One who is sent
A group of Jews that withdrew from the world into the desert in order to live a life of prayer and asceticism. Their name means " the pious ones" or " the healers."
A theme in the Gospel of Mark that portrays the disciples and others as recognizing Jesus' identity as the Messiah. However, Jesus directed them not to tell anyone else.
a member of an ancient Jewish sect, distinguished by strict observance of the traditional and written law, and commonly held to have pretensions to superior sanctity.
a theoretical collection of ancient documents of the teachings of Jesus shared among the early followers of Christianity
Favored cooperation with Rome
A Jewish sect at the time of Jesus known for its strong commitment to the Temple in Jerusalem.
A Jewish sect, descendants of Zadok, that believed in accommodating Judaism to modern life. They held most of the positions of power in the priesthood. They did not believe in the resurrection and denied the existence of angels and spirits.
Son of David
A title that belongs not only to Solomon but also to Jesus Christ as the promised heir (messiah) of the Davidic kingdom
Son of Man
A messianic title from the Book of Daniel, used to describe a figure who receives authority over other nations from God; the only messianic title in the Gospels used by Jesus to describe himself.
From the Greek for "seeing the whole together," the name given to the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, because they are similar in style and content.
radical Jews who supported rebellion against the Romans
Council of Jerusalem
the first church council, which was called to resolve the growing controversy over whether or not gentile christians would have to observe jewish law
Gentiles who embraced Jewish theology, worship, and morality, but who did not convert fully to Judaism, viewing such matters as circumcision and purity laws as being for ethnic Jews only.
God's saving gift of friendship and life that enables us to be saved
those jews who demanded gentiles to obey the torah, or law.
being aligned. being aquitted. being made upright or righteous.
core christian message. 1)Jesus came in fulfillment of OT promises. 2)Jesus performed miracles and preached the emergent kingdom of God. 2)According to God's plan, Jesus was crucified and died on the cross. 4)God raised him from the dead and made him Lord and Christ. 5)these events call for repentance, baptism, and receiving the gift of the HG.
prepared according to Jewish dietary law
proscribed strangled animals and no blood.
making up for one's sins with a sacrificial offering; specifically in Christianity, the idea that our sins are forgiven through the death of Jesus Christ on the cross
doctrine of salvation
a person who speaks in defense of a person, an idea, or a position
clement of rome
One of the early leaders ("elders") of the church of Rome, around 95 C.E., who is the traditional author of the noncanonical book 1 Clement.
the understanding of the nature of the universe
An early heresy that was associated with the Gnostics that taught that Jesus had no human body and only APPEARed to die on the Cross.
An ancient heretical sect that believed, among other things, that salvation came from obtaining secret experiential knowledge.
"choice". refers to false teaching
Ignatius of Antioch
First apologist, one who defends the faith, was martyred for refusing to sacrifice to idols.
means right teaching
main form of Judaism, which emerged during the first century AD under the leadership of the rabbis (pharisees); clarified Jewish practice, elevated the oral law to equal authority with the written Torah and enabled Judaism to evolve flexibly
the early Church during the lifetime of the Apostles
severe self-discipline and avoidance of all forms of indulgence, typically for religious reasons.
end of time
Hippolytus of Rome
170 - 235 3rd-century theologian in the Christian Church in Rome, influential on Origen, wrote several works including Refutation of all Heresies
Irenaeus of Lyons
a late second-century bishop of the church at Lyons, he wrote Against Heresies, primarily in response to gnosticism
refers to the historical development of the church from the early second century to the sixth century
Arius of Alexandria
Priest who spoke about the relation between God and his Son; Provoked the Council of Nicaea; God without beginning but son was, therefore 2nd class God; Denied true divinity of Son
The three men (Basil the Great, Gregory of Nyssa, and Gregory of Nazianzus) who made major contributions to the definition of the trinity (1), language cant describe God (2?), and substance of God-God wasn't a thing but a nature.
Council of Chalcedon
which repudiated the notion of a single nature in Christ, and declared that he has two natures in one person and hypostasis. It also insisted on the completeness of his two natures: Godhead and manhood
Council of Constantinople
revised the Nicene Creed by adding the clauses referring to the Holy Spirit
Council of Ephesus
Ecumenical Council that dealt with the heresy of Nestorianism
Council of Nicaea
(325 CE) A council called by Constantine to agree upon correct Christian doctrine and settle some disputes of the time.
religious teaching of importance
a core teaching of importance
the Father is properly God and Jesus and HG are emanations from God.
related to a major city
there is one God but experienced in different modes
believers of "one nature"
"father"-"seat of authority". nicaea created 3- antioch (syria), alexandria (egypt), Rome (italy). Constantine added jerusalem and Constantinople
the five centers which were the most important Christian centers of the early church, four in the East and one in the West
Emperor of the Roman Empire who made Christianity the official religion of the empire.
god is not three separate beings, but the persons of the trinity represent different relations within God.
the belief that the Trinity is composed of three separate and distinct Gods made of the same stuff
is the normal Greek word for "assembly"
literally "servant" or "minister"; now called "deacons
literally "overs-seers"; now called "bishops
•Montanus had two female colleagues, Priscilla and Maximilla, who also had ecstatic visions
•Claimed authority within the church as a result of their visions, not from the bishops.
•New candidates for inclusion in the community were required to go through a period of instruction and testing (catechumenate).
•Every catechumen required a baptized member of the church in good standing to act as their sponsor
•Catechumens were required to attend the first part of worship gatherings, in which scripture was read and expounded. They were not permitted to remain for the Eucharist. This period may have lasted for three years.
•After completing the catechumenate, candidates were often baptized at Easter
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