Accrual Basis of Accounting
Under the accrual basis of accounting, the cost of goods sold and expenses are matched to sales and/or the accounting period when they are used, not the period in which they are paid.
Income Statement Information
The income statement or profit and loss statement shows revenues earned, expenses incurred, gains, and losses.
The income statement does not show cash receipts and cash disbursements.
The accounting guideline requiring amounts in the accounts and on the financial statements to be the actual cost rather than the current value. Accountants can show an amount less than cost due to conservatism, but accountants are generally prohibited from showing amounts greater than cost. (Certain investments will be shown at fair value instead of cost.)
What does the December IS show?
expenses incurred during December regardless of when the company actually paid for the expenses