(1) Aftermath of Korean Conflict.
(2) On 18 May 1955, Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson appointed a committee to draft a Code of Conduct to be used by military personnel who were captured by communist forces. Justice Department was studying alleged misconduct cases levied against ex-POWs. The study was an attempt to determine whether or not those prisoners should be tried for treason. Some of the cases were eventually brought to trail and convictions handed down,
(3) Executive Order 10631 signed by President Eisenhower in 1955.
(4) ' Following the Vietnam Conflict, the Department of Defense conducted a review of the Code of Conduct. After interviewing POWs, the Department of Defense panel determined that training was needed to help prisoners overcome the guilt resulting from "breaking" and giving more than name, rank, service number, and date of birth.
In November 1977, President Carter amended Article V. It now reads, "When questioned, should I become a prisoner of war, I am required to give name, rank, service number, and date of birth." Before the change, Article V read "..I am BOUND to give ONLY name, rank..."
(5) In March 1988, President Reagan issued Executive Order 12633, amending the Code with language that is gender-neutral.