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22 terms

Unit 13 (first half of vocb)

STUDY
PLAY
room (A2 room)
An isolation room with an anteroom and negative-pressure ventilation that may be used for patients in airborne precautions
Airborne precautions
Procedures used to prevent the spread of airborne pathogens
Airborne transmission
Method of spreading disease by breathing tiny pathogens that remain suspended in the air for long periods of time
Anteroom
A small room just inside the entrance to the isolation room that usually has a sink and containers for trash disposal
Asepsis
Without infection
Autoclave
Machine that sterilizes articles
Biohazard
Waste items/ laboratory specimens/ materials and their containers contaminated by body fluids have the potential to transmit disease.
Communicable disease
Disease caused by pathogenic organisms; can be transmitted from person to person, either directly or indirectly
Contact precautions
Practices used to prevent spread of disease by direct or indirect contact
Contact transmission
Spread of disease by direct or indirect contact with infected person or contaminated objects
Contagious disease
Disease that is communicable; disease that is caused by a pathogenic organism
Contaminated
Unclean; impure; soiled with microbes
Dirty
Anything that has potentially been exposed to pathogens
Disposable
Not reusable after one use
Disinfection
Process of eliminating pathogens from equipment and instruments
Droplet precautions
Procedures used to prevent spread of disease by droplets in air
Droplet transmission
A method of spreading infection by inhaling pathogens from the droplets of a patient's respiratory secretions
Expanded precautions
Another name for transmission-based precautions
Exposure incident
An occurence during which there is possible personal contact with infectious material
Face shield
Type of personal protective equipment; protects mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, and mouth from pathogens
Goggles
Type of PPE used with standard precautions to protect the eyes
High-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter mask
A mask used by health care workers that prevents the spread of airborne infection