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Chapter 2: Revolution and the Early Republic
Terms in this set (41)
law that taxed printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc.
Passed by Parliament the day the Stamp Act was repealed. Stated that Parliament had the right to rule and tax the colonies.
passed by Parliament, placed taxes on imported materials such as glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea. Led to outrage and tons of people boycotted British goods.
Founder of the Sons of Liberty; signed the Declaration of Independence
5 civilians who were part of a mob killed by British soldiers
prime minister, had most of the Townshend acts repealed
lets British East India Company avoid tax; undercuts colonists
Boston Tea Party
protest against British taxes in which Boston colonists disguised as Mohawks dumped valuable tea into Boston Harbor.
laws meant to punish Boston after the Tea Party; closed the harbor, placed Boston under martial law
Battle at bunker hill
an early battle fought at nearby Breed's Hill in Boston
King George III
King of England during the American Revolution, highly disliked by the colonists; rejects olive branch petition
17th century English philosopher who stated that people have a natural right to life, liberty, and property.
pamphlet attacking king george and monarchy; argues for independence
virginia lawyer who writes declaration of independence; favors weak central gov and farming economy
Declaration of independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and king george III; opposed the war for independence.
colonists in favor of independence from Britain
On Christmas night, Washington led 2,400 men across the Delaware River to attack the drunken Hessians who were sleeping.
A battle that took place in New York where the Continental Army defeated the British. It proved to be the turning point of the war.
winter camp where continental army loses over 2,000
Marquis de Lafayette
encourages France to send reinforcements
british general, wins many southern victories
Battle that gave Americans victory in the war
Treaty of Paris
peace agreement that officially ended the revolutionary war and established Britian's formal recognition of the US
checks and balances
system preventing any branch from dominating
approval of constitution by states; 9 votes needed
favor the constitution's balance of power; promised bill of right; favor hamilton and support britain
against constitution, want bill of rights
Bill of rights
a statement of fundamental rights and privileges (especially the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution)
judiciary act of 1789
federal courts are superior to state courts
department of war, military matters
heads department of treasury, finances; favors strong central government and commercial economy
these department heads become president's chief advisors
two political groups within the government
favor jefferson and supports france, want strong state governments
import tax to encourage american production
battle of fallen timbers
US military defeats native americans
low-level french officials demand bribe from americans
Alien and Sedition acts
laws passed by a Federalist-dominated Congress aimed at protecting the government from treasonous ideas, actions, and people
when a state invalidates laws it deems unconstitutional
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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