64 terms

Congress

Chapters 5, 6, 7 in text
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January 3
House and Senate terms begin
Bicameral Congress
Congress made up of two houses
Sessions in each term of Congress
2 sessions in each term of Congress
17th Amendment
says that U.S. Senators are elected by direct popular votes and not state legislature
naturalization
legally becoming a citizen; power given to Congress on naturalization
incumbents
those members already in political office
John Boehner
current Speaker of the House
Elastic clause
The Necessary and Proper Clause allows Congress to stretch its powers
filibuster
a way of defeating a bill in the Senate by stalling the process thus preventing a vote
Shirley Chisholm
in 1968 this person became the first African American woman elected to Congress
cloture
a procedure that allows each senator to speak only 1 hour on a bill under debate
seniority system
a system that gives the member of the majority party with the longest uninterrupted service on a particular committee the leadership of that committee
naturalization
the legal process by which a person is granted citizenship
eminent domain
the power of the government to take private property for public use
pigeonholing
to ignore a bill, simply let it die
a bill
another name for a proposed law
national debt
when the government's spending is greater than its income and it has to borrow
18th clause of section 18
elastic clause, which gives Congress the power to do whatever is necessary and proper to carry out its other powers
10-20%`
percentage of bills that actually become laws
introduce the bill
first step to a bill becoming a law
Whip
assistant to the party floor leader
continuous body
means that only 1/3 of the Senate is voted on at one time
Senate member requirements
must be 30 years old, be a citizen for 9 years, and be a legal resident of their state
Representative of the 16th District of Ohio
Steve Stivers
Barack Obama
current President of the U.S.
Joe Biden
current Vice-President of the U.S.
Are Congress members free from arrest in all cases?
no
Does Congress have the power to declare war?
yes
gerrymandering
the drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit a party, group, or incumbent in power
Party that currently controls the House of Representatives
Republican
powers denied by Congress
writ of habeas corpus, bills of attainder, ex post facto laws
Raise and support armies means the right to start the draft
an example of an implied power of Congress
Who regulates commerce in the U.S.?
Congress
The power to tax
an example of an expressed power of Congress
Article 1, Section 8, Clauses 1-18
part of the Constitution that list the 27 powers that are explicitly given to Congress
20th amendment
Jan. 3, beginning and ending terms of elected federal officials
How often Congress meets
at least once every year, but special sessions may be called for pressing issues
Why the 20th amendment passed
Prior to the passage of the 20th, President called both the Senate and House in Special sessions 27 times!
Number of House members
435
House requirements
25 years old, citizen for 7 years, they should live in district they represent; 2-year term
Salary of House member
$158,100 a year
Ratio of house representative to population
1 to 647,000
16th amendment
says that Senate members are selected by the people
Senate term
6-year term
Senate requirements
30 years old, citizen for 9 years, live in state, 6 year term
How many U.S. senators there are
100 members, 2 per state
Ohio Senators (2011)
Sherrod Brown (D), Rob Portman (R)
House operation
opening day, no officials, no rules, clerk calls the action, speaker is selected by the majority party, standing committees are selected.
Current speaker of the house
John Boehner
How many standing committees there are in the House
25 committees, that have the majority of the House
Presides over all sessions of the House
Speaker of the House (Boehner)
Can Speaker of the House vote?
Yes, when he/she wants, and must vote to break a tie.
Senate operation
opening day, very routine, as only 1/3 of the Senate is new (continuous body);
President of the Senate
Vice President of U.S.; may not even belong to the majority party; can't bring questions to the floor of the Senate; not allowed to speak much; can vote to break a tie.
President Pro Temp
has real power in Senate; selected by the majority party, runs the Senate
Current President Pro Temp
Daniel Inouye (D-Hl)
Floor Leader (Harry Reid(D) and Mitch McConnell (R)
most powerful members of Congress, next to the Speaker of the House and the Pro Temp
Current national debt
15 trillion dollars
Are we allowed to tax exports?
no
interstate trade
trade or business between states
bankruptcy rules
Chapter 7 and 13
legal tender
paper currency
1st time to have national paper currency
1863
Arizona Law 1070
In Arizona, if police stop you for a normal reason, they are allowed to ask if you have proper papers to be there.