Upgrade to remove ads
AP Human Geography Unit 2 Section 3
Terms in this set (42)
A permanent move to a new location
Migration from a location
Migration to a new location
The difference between the number of immigrants and the number of emigrants
A factor that induces people to move out of their present location
A factor that induces people to move into a new location
A person who has been forced to migrate to another country to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights, or other disasters and cannot return for fear of persecution because of race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group, or political opinion
Internally displaced person
A person who has been forced to migrate for similar reasons as a refugee but has not migrated across an international border
A person who has migrated to another country in the hope of being recognized as a refugee
An environmental or physical feature that hinders migration
Internal migration and give an example
A permanent move within the same country. Moving from California to Nebraska in the United States
International migration and give an example
A permanent move from one country to another. Moving from New York City to Mexico City (the United States to Mexico). Also, Asia to Europe, Asia to North America, and Latin America to North America
Interregional migration and give an example
A movement from one region of a country to another. Moving from the Midwest to the South in the United States
Intraregional migration and give an example
A movement within one region, like moving from a rural area to an urban one, or an urban one to a suburban one.
Voluntary migration and give an example
The migrant has chosen to move, especially for economic improvement. A family moving to a country for better, higher paying jobs
Forced migration and give an example
The migrant has been compelled to move, especially by political or environmental factors. Slaves were forced to move from Africa to the Americas
Chain migration and give an example
The migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there. Someone's daughter moves from the United States to Vietnam so the rest of their family moves there too
Step migration and give an example
Migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages. People first migrating from Guatemala to Mexico to eventually end up in the United States
Rural to urban migration and give an example
The movement of people from the countryside to the city. Moving from Troy, Ohio to downtown Cincinnati, Ohio
Center of population gravity
The place where the average person would live based on population density across an area. For example, in the United States it is somewhere in Missouri, but as population grows in the West and South it will move in those directions.
A symbolically relocated capital usually because of economic reasons, to move more people to the center of the land mass, on purpose, etc. An example is Brasilia
The growth of cities and the migration of people into them, motivated primarily by economic factors
The movement of people to suburban areas, motivated primarily by a desire for safer communities, better schools, and more room.
Net migration from urban to rural areas, made possible by new advancements in technology that allow you to stay connected even in remote areas.
The people who can not legally migrate to the United States but choose to move there anyway
Money that is sent home from people who are migrants
Guest worker program
A program for immigrants from poorer countries to immigrate temporarily to obtain jobs
A large-scale emigration by talented people, usually from less developed countries to more developed countries
What are the five categories of push and pull factors? Give examples of each
Demographic, economic, environmental, political, and cultural. Demographic- There are many people there for many jobs and a high economy. There aren't enough people for a good economy. Economic- They move for jobs and more money with a better economy. There aren't jobs or there aren't enough jobs to make enough money for families. Environmental- There is an ocean or it is by the lakeside. A hurricane destroyed most things on the land. Political- Certain leaders are in some areas and policies allow religious freedom. There is religious persecution with the laws of the people with power. Cultural- People are able to practice the ways of different cultures, including their own language. People are forced to learn the new language in a country
Which countries typically are the sources of refugees and which host refugees?
Syria, Afghanistan, and Iraq are sources while Pakistan, Iran, and Turkey host refugees. In general countries that have major political conflicts, civil wars, or lots of ethnic/religious tension create more refugees, while countries that are geographically close to them tend to absorb most refugees. More developed countries also tend to host more refugees.
According to Ravenstein, what are the characteristics of migrants?
Most migrants relocate a short distance and remain in the same country, long-distance migrants tend to head to the centers of economic activity (big cities), and international migrants are more likely to be young adults rather than elderly people
How can guest worker programs promote immigration?
Guest worker programs provide temporary jobs for poorer people to have when they move to a new country. This means more people will be able to migrate without needing a certain amount of money
What are the political, economic, cultural, and environmental consequences of migration?
Political- People who move into the country will be more likely to vote for candidates in the country that have the best policies involving immigration and they allow a lot of immigrants. Economic- With more immigrants and more people to work, the economy will boost because the demand goes up so the prices go up and also the amount of money everyone makes will increase. Cultural- Cultural diversity occurs which makes our country unique but also, cultural blending occurs because people will eventually have to learn English for their jobs and they will take up American culture instead of their own languages and cultures. Environmental- With more work and factories, there will be more pollution to harm the environment and more resources are needed such as trees
Which countries have net-in migrations?
The United States of America, Germany, Russia, Australia, Canada, etc
Which countries have net-out migrations?
Brazil, Mexico, China, India, most countries in Africa, etc
Why are the characteristics of unauthorized immigrants?
Source country: 60 percent come from Mexico, children: 1 million children came with the 11.2 million immigrants, 4.5 million kids of immigrants were born in the United States as citizens, years in the United States: 35 percent had lived here for 15 years or more, labor force: about 8 million employed immigrants, and distribution: California and Texas have the largest numbers of unauthorized immigrants
How do countries create laws to try and limit and restrict migration?
The U.S. Quota Laws first said that 2 percent of people from each country that already had some immigrants in the United States could migrate there annually in 1924. Next, 170,000 could come from the Eastern Hemisphere and 120,000 could come from the Western Hemisphere. Then, 290,000 people could come total with no more than 20,000 from each other. Now, 700,000 is the total amount of immigrants that can come annually. The National Origins Act of 1924 involved the start of the Quota acts. Building a wall is an idea of Donald Trump to keep Mexicans from entering our border.
What are the intraregional migration, including urbanization, suburbanization, and counterurbanization patterns? Where are these trends the strongest?
Urbanization is moving from rural to urban areas, suburbanization is moving from urban to suburban areas, and counterurbanization is moving from urban to rural areas. Urbanization occurs mostly in less developed countries. Suburbanization occurs mostly in developed countries. Counterurbanization happens only in extreme circumstances.
What are the political challenges presented with unauthorized immigrants?
Falling tax revenue, social services that get provided to people who don't pay federal taxes, issues with knowing who does and does not live in an area (particularly as it relates to issues with crime)
What are the concerns that countries tend to have with large immigrant populations?
Americans and Europeans have divided attitudes toward the larger population of immigrants, especially those arriving without proper documentation. Europeans fear that cultural diversity will occur and their culture will be threatened. Americans have different views for whether it hurts or helps the economy. More people means more jobs but some people we let in could commit crimes or kill our people
What are the interregional migration patterns of the United States, China, Russia, Canada, and Brazil?
The United States: The center of population gravity has shifted primarily westward, but south a little as well.
Russia: the western part in Europe is highly clustered and the east of the Ural Mountains and other parts are sparsely inhabited. The Soviet Union wanted to develop the Far North but this could not happen because not many people wanted to move out there, even when getting shorter work hours, more holiday time, more money, etc.
China: About 100 million people have emigrated from rural areas in the interior of the country. From the center to the east coast where it is densely populated with more jobs.
Canada: It has shifted from east to west recently. Brazil: Most people live in a string of large cities near the Atlantic Coast. Moving the capital in 1960 from Rio to Brasilia moved the patterns from the east coast to the interior
What are the major patterns of U.S. immigration, including knowing the three main periods?
Seventeenth and eighteenth centuries: Europe and Sub-Saharan Africa. Mid-nineteenth to early twentieth century: 1840s and 1850s- Ireland and Germany, 1870s- Ireland and Germany, and 1880s- Scandinavia. Late twentieth to early twenty-first century: Asia and Latin America
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
AP Human Geography Chapter 3 Key Issue 1 & 2
AP Human Geo Chapter 3 Key Issue 1 & 2
Chapter 3 AP Human Geography
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
AP Human Geography Review
AP Human Geography Unit 2 Section 2
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Unit 2 CH 2/8 Review
Chapter 8 - Title and Title Protection
J201 Midterm 1