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Canon Law Vocab
Terms in this set (47)
An office tied to land and source of income. A juridical entity erected in perpetuity by competent ecclesiastical authority. It consists of a sacred office and the right to receive the corresponding revenues.
Canon law/ius canonicum
Measure or norm of conduct, The authentic compilation of the laws of the Catholic Church. Code of Canon Law, promulgated by Pope Benedict XV in 1917, Since the Second Vatican Council, a new compilation has been undertaken of existing Church laws in 1983.
A letter carrying broad authoritative decisions of the Pope on matters of discipline, or the Pope's reply when he has been appealed to on a matter of discipline to a local church or Bishop.
12th Century monk who created the compendium of ecclesiastical law called the "Concordance of discordant canons" AKA Gratian's Decree, assembled about A.D. 1140 by Gratian.
a Legal system, or a subjective right, or the objective of Justice that which is Right, Due or Just
A Greek word for reed, rod, or ruler that became known as a Rule of Conduct or Accepted Standard of Art or Professional Practice.
a latin word for Law
A reasonable ordinance of a legitimate superior which becomes a general and just rule for the common good of the members of a society and is suitable promulgated by some external sign.
The High priest, and therefore any bishop, as successor of the Apostles. Now reserved as the title of the Holy Father Pope Francis.
St. Raymond of Peñafort:
Patron Saint of Canon Law, In 1234 he compiles the Liber Extra which is a compilation of the first Five books of Decretals by order of Gregory IX
The offerings on the occasion of sacramental ministry.
repeal or do away with (a law, right, or formal agreement).
Codex Iuris Canonici auctoritate Ioannis Pauli PP. II promulgatus
The Revised Code of Canon law that was Promulgated by Pope John Paul II in 1983
Codex Iuris Canonici Pii X Pontificis Maximi iussu digestus Benedicti Papae XV auctoritate promulgates
Compiled by order of Pope Pius X Code of Canon Law promulgated by the authority of Pope Benedict 15
the process of forming a legal code within the Church modeled after European Civil Codes so that the laws of the universal Church published for developing a norm to meet the conditions of our time.
Group of faithful that are in charge of revising Canon Law, operating as a sub committee
Forum (External & Internal)
The sphere within which the Church exercises her judicial authority. The external forum deals with matters that concern the public welfare of the Church and the people of God; the internal pertains to her jurisdiction in matters of conscience, notably the sacrament of penance, where sins are forgiven or retained and questions of morality are decided as to guilt, restitution, or responsibility.
excommunications are those imposed as a result of the intervention of Church authority, Bishop, Church Tribunal, or the Vatican
Automatic excommunication from the church for direct involvement in an act
Pope Pius X gave Cardinal Pietro Gasparri direction to Codify the Law of the Church in 1904 and it was completed in 1917
The act of announcing a law publicly, with the effect of obliging its observance from the date expressed.
A grouping or arrangement of proposed laws circulated for revision
The principle by which those in authority recongize the rights of the members in a society; and those in higher authority respect the rights of those in lower authority.
Synod of Bishops
An assembly of bishops, chosen from various parts of the world, that meets in Rome every several years to "render more effective assistance to the supreme pastor of the Church in a consultative body which will be called by the proper name of Synod of Bishops. Since it will be acting in the name of the entire episcopate, it will at the same time show that all bishops in hierarchical communion share in the solicitude for the universal Church"
Is a technical term in both canon law which refers to the period between the promulgation of a law and the time the law takes legal effect. It is three months for universal laws, and one month for particular laws, unless the law itself establishes a longer or shorter period of time.
aggegates of persons or things which are ordered toward a purpose of serving the Churches mission created in the mind of the Law, for example a Seminary
In ecclesiastical law, a group of at least three physical person united together by their free will to form a society recognized as such be competent Church authority
Persons who are baptized and are in full communion with the Church
All baptized Christians are considered the people of God, in so far as they are deemed Christ's Faithful
Offical standing within the Church who are subjects of rights and obligations in communion with the Roman Catholic Church
Asscociations of the faithful
voluntary associations that exist for the sake of social, liturgical, apostolic, doctrinal, or spiritual purposes ordered to fulfill the mission of the Church and keeping with the integrity of faith, morals, and church discipline.
A papal tribunal, whose origins go back to the twelfth century, delegated by the Pope to grant absolution from censures and certain dispensations reserved to the Holy See. In 1967, Pope Paul VI confirmed the competence of this tribunal over all that embraces the internal forum, even nonsacramental and to the use of indulgences, while reserving the right of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith to examine the doctrinal aspects of indulgences.
Apostolic See/Holy See
Title given to Rome since the first Christian centuries. It applies to the Pope and the persons and offices directly under his authority. It implies that, as successor of St. Peter, the Prince of the Apostles, he has the primary duty of extending the Christian faith to all the world.
A high official of the Roman Catholic Church ranking next to the Pope. He is a member of the Sacred College and is appointed by the Sovereign Pontiff to assist and advise him in the government of the Church.
college of bishops
Organized body of Bishops in communion with the Pope as a body, not as individuals, this is the Church's clearer understanding of episcopal collegiality, deriving from the community of the Apostles chosen by Christ.
Congregation for Bishops may erect, divide, and unite dioceses, provinces, and other ecclesiastical territories. It prepares the documentation for the choice of bishops, apostolic administrators, and prelates with person al jurisdiction. It is kept informed about and watches over whatever concerns the persons and offices of bishops and the state of their dioceses. It examines the quinquennial reports and episcopal conferences and, in general, oversees the needs of the Church as these are to be met by the local ordinaries and their auxiliaries.
An ecclesiastical court, especially an assembly of cardinals for purposes of deliberation, presided over by the Pope. A papal consistory is secret if only cardinals are present, semi-public if bishops also participate, and public if other prelates are called to the meeting.
are a group of several mid-sized agencies, each led by a Cardinal or archbishop as president, which are part of the larger organization called the Roman Curia
Responsible for representing the Roman pontiff in a stable manner to particular churches or also the states and public authorities to which they are sent with the intention of strengthening bonds of unity with the RP and particular churches.
The Roman Curia is charged with helping the Pope in his governance and oversight of the Roman Catholic Church.
The title of the Pope, the sucessor of Peter, who possesses supreme, full, immediate, and universal ordinary power in the Church, which he is always able to exercise freely.
Secretariat of State
supreme authority of the Church
The Pope - the Bishop of Rome & the College of Bishops that exercise power over the universal church.
synod of bishops
An assembly of bishops, chosen from various parts of the world, that meets in Rome every several years to assist the Pope. The synod performs its duties only for a time and when called upon. Normally operating as a consultative body, to inform and counsel the Pope, it may also have deliberative (decision-making) power, when this is conferred by the Sovereign Pontiff, who must in all cases confirm the synodal deliberations to give them validity.
Ecclesiastical court of justice, established both in Rome and in each diocese. There are three Roman tribunals: the Sacred Apostolic Penitentiary, Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura, and the Sacred Roman Rota.
Tribunal of the Roman Rota
Originating as an extension of the Apostolic Chancery, it is essentially a tribunal of appeal for all the ecclesiastical cases in which the Roman Curia is competent and that are not reserved to other jurisdictions. It also receives cases of appeal for Vatican City State, and is a tribunal of first instance in cases reserved to the Holy See, or that the Pope has reserved for himself by means of a special rescript of the Apostolic Signature.
Vatican City state
Situated within the geopraphic boundary of Rome, it covers an area of 108.7 acres and includes the Vatican Palace, St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican Radio Station, and numerous other buildings that serve the Pope and the administration of the universal Church. Ultimate authority for Vatican City is vested in the Pope but actually administered by the Pontifical Commission for the State of the Vatican City. In generaly, the government is based on canon law or, where this does not apply, on existing laws of the city of Rome. It is politically a neutral state and enjoys all the privileges and duties of a sovereign power. The Papal Secretariat maintains diplomatic relations with other nations. Only the citizens of Vatican City owe allegiance to the Pope as temporal ruler.
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