Computer Essentials 2014 Study Guide Chapter 1
Multiple Choice Study Chapter 1
Terms in this set (67)
Which part of an information system consists of the rules or guidelines for people to follow?
The physical equipment that processes data in order to create information is called the
The word "software" is interchangeable with the word
What are the two major software types?
System software and application software
Which of the following is a collection of programs rather than a single program?
"Background" software that helps the computer manage resources is called
Identify the program that coordinates computer resources, provides an interface between users and the computer, and runs applications.
Antivirus programs protect your computer system from viruses or malicious programs. This is an example of which type of software?
Utilities - perform specific tasks related to managing computer resources.
System software includes all of the following except
Which of the following computers is also referred to as a server and is used to support end users for things such as retrieving data from a database or providing application software?
Desktop, notebook, tablet, and handheld computers are classified as;
4 types of Microcomputers
The most widely used handheld computers are
PDAs and smartphones
A microcomputer that is smaller, lighter and less powerful than a notebook that has a touch sensitive screen is called a
This computer component holds data that is currently being processed.
Which of the following will not retain data after the computer is turned off?
Identify the four basic categories of hardware in a microcomputer system. Microcomputer hardware
System unit, input/output, secondary storage, and communication
This hardware houses most of the electronic components that make up a computer system
Which of the following are two important components of the system unit?
Microprocessor and memory
Which one of the following is not considered a form of secondary storage?
USB drives are a type of what kind of secondary storage?
The type of media that uses laser technology to store data and programs is
Which of the following is not an example of a document file created by a word processor?
Documents or worksheet??
A financial budget would be created in what type of data file?
Employee records, including names, social security numbers, and related information, would typically be stored in what type of data file?
The Internet is the largest _____ in the world.
Which technology allows users to shift their desktop computing activities to computers on the Internet?
The parts of an information system are: people, procedures, software, hardware, data, and connectivity.
The purpose of software is to convert data into information.
Software is another name for a program or programs.
To be a competent computer user, you must understand the essentials of information technology (IT).
Application software is "background" software which helps the computer manage its own internal resources. -
Application Software might be described as end user software. Three types of application software are general-purpose, specialized, and mobile apps.
System software is background software
System software is a collection of programs.
Antivirus software is a Windows utility that is unnecessary as long as you are careful browsing the Internet.
System software might be described as end user software.
A browser is an example of system software.
Another name for a midrange computer is server.
Insurance companies are most likely to use microcomputers to process information about millions of policyholders.
Smartphones are a type of handheld computer that do not need input, output, processing, and storage.
Two important components of the system unit are the keyboard and the hard disk
A system unit consists of the keyboard and the monitor.
RAM will retain data when the computer is turned off.
The most common input devices are the mouse and the keyboard.
Secondary storage will retain data when the computer is turned off.
Solid-state storage uses rigid metallic platters to store data using the magnetic charges of the disk's surface.
hard disk uses rigid matellic platters
Solid state storage does not have any moving parts, is more reliable, and requires less power. It saves data and informa- tion electronically similar to RAM except that it is not volatile. Three
Four common types of files are document files, worksheet files, database files, and presentation files.
Highly structured and organized data are stored in database files.
has several parts: people, procedures, software, hard- ware, data, and connectivity .
includes keyboard, mouse, monitor, system unit, and other devices.
The equipment that processes the data to create information is called hardware .
Data vs Information
Data consists of unprocessed facts including text, numbers, images, and sounds.
Data:The raw, unprocessed facts, including text, numbers, images, and sounds, are called data. Processed data yields information.
Software: A program consists of the step-by-step instructions that tell the computer how to do its work. Software is another name for a program or programs. The purpose of software is to convert data (unprocessed facts) into information (processed facts). For example, a payroll program would instruct
2 major kinds of software
system software and application software
enables the application software to interact with the computer hardware. System software is "background" software that helps the computer manage its own internal
4 types of computers
supercomputers, mainframe computers, mid- range computers, and microcomputers.
is a container that houses most of the electronic components that make up a computer system.
holds data and pro- grams even after electric power to the computer system has been turned off. The most important kinds of secondary media are hard disks, solid-state storage, and optical discs.
are typically used to store programs and very large data files. Using rigid metallic platters and read/write heads that move across the platters, data and information are stored using magnetic charges on
use laser technology to store data and programs.
3 types of optical discs: compact discs ( CDs) , digital versatile (or video ) discs (DVDs) , and Blu-ray discs.
is a communications system connecting two or more computers.
Internet is the largest network
giant highway that connects millions of people
provides a multimedia interface to the numerous resources available on the Internet.
uses the Internet and the web to shift many computer activities from a user's computer to computers on the Internet. The
type of computer that is small enough to fit on top of or alongside a desk yet is too big to carry around
the most widely used communication device
devised that translate the processed info from the computer into a form that humans can understand
a type of file that might contain audience handouts, speaker notes, and electronic slides
unike hard disks this storage does not have any moving parts, more reliable and requires less power