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CPR Quiz 1
Terms in this set (26)
How do you recognize an emergency?
You recognize an emergency by unusual noises, unusual sights, unusual odor and unusual appearance or behavior.
What are examples of unusual noises?
Some examples are screaming, moaning, yelling, calling for help, breaking glass, screeching tires, and unusual silence.
What is the good samaritan law?
The good samaritan law is a law that protects a caregiver as long as they act reasonable and prudent.
What are examples of unusual sights?
Some examples are stopped vehicles off-road, downed electrical wires, people lying motionless, overturned pot, spilled medicine containers, sparks, smoke, fire, and blood.
What are some examples of unusual odor?
Some examples are odor stronger than usual, unrecognizable odor, gas, smoke.
What are some examples of unusual appearance or behaviors?
Some examples are unconscious, confused, drowsy, trouble breathing, slurred speech, sweating, clutching throat/chest, abnormal skin color.
What are some reasons why people decide not to act in an emergency?
Some reasons are Being uncertain than an emergency exists being afraid of giving the wrong care or inadvertently causing the person more harm, assume the situation is already under control, squeamishness related to unpleasant sights, sounds or smells, fear of catching a disease, and fear of being sued.
What are the first 2 steps to checking a responsive person?
Check the scene for safety and ask permission to give care.
What is a sample?
Sample stands for signs and symptoms, allergies, medications, pertinent medical history, last food or drink, and events leading up to the incident.
What do you do after a sample when checking a responsive person?
Check from head to toe for cuts, scrapes, bruises or other abnormalities. Check skin and feel for hot or moist. Check for a medical alert tag. Rest comfortably.
What are some emergency conditions?
Some examples are seizures, suspected head or neck injury, suspected or obvious broken bone, severe burns, vomiting or passing blood, and breathing problems.
What are some emergency situations?/when to activate EMS
Drowning, fire or explosion, servious motor vehicle collision, and, an injured or ill person who needs medical attention and can't be moved, and rapidly rising flood waters.
What do you do if the person is a child?
Listen to the parent or guardians wishes, if the parent is not present than implied consent.
What is implied consent?
Someone who is unable to grant consent for care due to being unresponsive, confused, or mentally impaired.
How do you wash your hands?
Wash hands for 20 seconds minimum, cover all surfaces of hands, wrists, palms, back of hands, between fingers, and underneath fingernails.
How to check the scene?
Ask, is the scene safe to enter, what happened, how many people involved, what is your initial impression about the nature of the person's illness or injury, is anyone else available to help.
What are the steps to taking action?
Check the scene and the person. Call 911 or designated emergency number, Care for the person.
How to call, what info to give the dispatcher?
Give the location of the emergency, nature of the emergency, telephone number of phone being used, description of what happened, number of injured or ill person, and what help if any that has been given so far by whom.
When do you call first?
When a person 12 years old or older is unresponsive. A child or infant whom you witnessed suddenly collapse. An unresponsive child or infant known to have a heart issue.
When do you care first?
An unresponsive infant or child younger than 12 whom you didn't see collapse. A person who is choking. A person who is experiencing a severe allergic reaction and has an epipen auto injector. A person who has severe life threatening bleeding.
How to care?
Do no further harm. Monitor the person's breathing and level of consciousness. Help the person rest in the most comfy position. Keep the person from getting chilled or overheated. Treat the person and say that people have been called. Give care consistent with your knowledge and training as needed.
What are bloodborne pathogens?
Blood from an infected person enters the bloodstream of a person who isn't infected through contact, some examples are HIV and hepatitis.
What are airborne illnesses and examples?
Expelled into air when an infected person breathes coughs or sneezes and spreads to a person who isn't infected. Some examples are tuberculosis and influenza.
Your role in EMS system is?
Recognize that an emergency exists
Decide to act
Give care until help arrives
When is it appropriate to move an injured or ill person
you must move person to protect from immediate danger, only attempt if you won't enter danger yourself. must move to give proper care like CPR on hard flat surface. Must move person to reach a person under them with move serious injury.
Examples of what a reasonable and prudent person would do
move a person only if life in danger. ask persmission before giving care. check for life threatening conditions before giving further care. call 911. continue care until trained professional comes.
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