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A Hungarian patriot, led a revolt in 1848 in an attempt to gain Hungary's independence, elected "responsible governor president", Austria drove out the revolutionaries and he fled to Turkey

Joseph I

The common ruler of the Dual Monarchy, title was Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary


A skilled chancellor who headed the German Empire and shaped its foreign policy

Wilhelm II

Tried to bring the Ottoman Empire into the Triple Alliance, planned to extend German expansion through a railroad


Heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, assassinated on June 28, 1914


Assassinated Franz Ferdinand and Ferdinand's wife


The US President during World War I


A high official in the German foreign ministry, sent a secret telegram to Mexico


One of the Big Four, Italian Prime Minister


One of the Big Four, British Prime Minister


One of the Big Four, French Premier

Czar Alexander II

Became czar in 1855, issued the Emancipation Edict which freed all serfs, allowed rural districts to elect zemstvos (councils at the provincial and county levels)

Czar Alexander III & Czar Nicholas II

Successors of Czar Alexander II, tried every possible way to stamp out liberalism


A radical group that gained control of the Soviets


Leader of the Bolsheviks

June 28, 1914

Assassination of Franz Ferdinand and his wife

May 7, 1915

Sinking of the Lusitania

April 6, 1917

US declaration of war on Germany

November 11, 1918

Armistice with Germany to end the war

Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy

What countries made up the Triple Alliance?

France, Russia, Britain

What countries made up the Triple Entente?

Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria

What countries made up the Central Powers?

France, Russia, Britain, Italy, Japan, US

What countries made up the Allied Powers?

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