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A Hungarian patriot, led a revolt in 1848 in an attempt to gain Hungary's independence, elected "responsible governor president", Austria drove out the revolutionaries and he fled to Turkey
Tried to bring the Ottoman Empire into the Triple Alliance, planned to extend German expansion through a railroad
Czar Alexander II
Became czar in 1855, issued the Emancipation Edict which freed all serfs, allowed rural districts to elect zemstvos (councils at the provincial and county levels)
Czar Alexander III & Czar Nicholas II
Successors of Czar Alexander II, tried every possible way to stamp out liberalism
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