Ethics Quiz 10/31

STUDY
PLAY
ETHOS
(Greek) for WAY OF LIFE
ETHICKE
(Greek) Capable of making right and wrong decisions
Mores
(Latin) Customs or folkways that are considered conducive to the welfare of society.
ETHICS
That branch of philosophy DEALING with VALUES, RELATING to HUMAN CONDUCT, with respect to rightness and wrongness of certain actions, and to the goodness and badness of the motives and ends of such actions.
Code of Ethics
A DECLARATION OR STATEMENT of the professional standards of right and wrong conduct.
Business Ethics
That branch of philosophy dealing with values relating to human conduct as it applies to business transactions.
Citizenship
The character of an individual viewed as a MEMBER of SOCIETY; behavior in terms of the duties, obligations and functions of a citizen.
Confidentiality
To hold certain informAtion in trust and not dislcose without proper authorization or authority.
Culture
Consists of abstract patterns (the rules, ideas, beliefs shared by members of society) of and for living and dying, which are learned directly or indirectly.
Honesty
Having a sense of honor; upright and fair dealing.
Integrity
Fidelity to moral principles
LAW
RULES that GOVERN society
MORAL
(synonymous w/ ETHICAL) refers to the CUSTOMS, VALUES and STANDARDS of practice of a group, age, or theory intended to be timeless.
Motives
Something, as a reason or desire, acting as a spur to action
NON-THEISTIC
A philosophy that does NOT focus on the worship of a god (or gods)
Philosophy
The set of VALUES, IDEAS and OPINIONS of an individual or group.
Religion
A culturally entrenched pattern of behavior made up of: (1) sacred beliefs (2) emotional feelings accompanying the beliefs and (3) overt conduct presumably implementing the beliefs and feelings.
SITUATIONAL Ethics
Moral principles that VARY with circumstances
Theism
A belief in a god or gods.
Values
BELIEFS that are HELD in HIGH ESTEEM
NORMATIVE Ethics
Involves FORMULATING MORAL STANDARDS of CONDUCT
META Ethics
EVALUATES the MEANING of ethical statements and the STRUCTURE and REASONS USED at arriving at normative theories.
TELEOLOGICAL Theory (Consequentialism)
Maintains that the MORALITY OF AN ACTION is KNOWN SOLELY by its CONSEQUENCES. (also known as consequentialism)
Deontological Theory (Non Consequentialism)
Maintains that the morality of an action is DETERMINED by its MOTIVES or in accordance with some rules. (AKA non-consequentialism)
UTILITARIANISM
The morally right action produces the GREATEST GOOD for the LARGEST NUMBER of PEOPLE
PRE MORAL
DOES NOT UNDERSTAND the rules or feel a sense of obligation to them. LOOKING to EXPERIENCE that WHICH IS ONLY GOOD, pleasant, or AVOID that which is PAINFUL or BAD
Pre Conventional
Moral reasoning is based on REWARD and PUNISHMENT from those in authority.
Conventional
Expectations of social group (family, community, and nation) are supported and maintained
Post Conventional
Considers universal principles which SUPERSEDE the authority of the group. (HIGHEST LEVEL)