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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Unit 7 Civil war and Reconstruction
Terms in this set (52)
A battle that was won to help the Confederates keep open an important port.
Emancipation Proclamation issued by President Lincoln in 1863
How slaves in the rebellious states were declared free.
Advantages of the South
They had better leadership
They were more skilled at riding
They were more skilled at using firearms
Southern economic strategy during the Civel War.
Which states reamined loyal to the Union, even as a slave border state?
What was the purpose of the freedman's Bureau?
To provide aid to former slaves.
What are some causes of the civil war?
What is the order of the Civil War battles?
Fort Sumter,Gavelston,Vicksburg, gettysburg, Sabine Pass, Red River Campaign, Appomattox Court House, Palmito Ranch
Confederate States of America
Seceding states that formed a government.
What was a disadvantage of the North at the beginning of the Civil War?
The ability to use cotton diplomacy to gain foreign support.
Why could the North move more troops and supplies more easily than the South?
because they had railroads.
What was the main purpose of the Emancipation Proclamation?
To free slaves in areas rebelling against the United States.
What Union strategy caused Texans to suffer shortages of goods to the Confederate States during the Civil War?
The union navy stopped ships from shipping goods through the Gulf of Mexico.
What battle took place in Texas?
What event caused Texas to secede from the Union?
The election of President Lincoln.
What were of the causes of the Civil War? (TISSUE)
Tarriffs, industry vs agriculture, states' rights, slavery, Uncle Tom's Cabin, Election of 1860
Laws denying most legal rights to newly freed slaves; passed by southern states following the Civil War
New Orleans Riot
July 30, 1866. radical republicans were angered by the enactment of the Black Codes in Louisiana and by the legislature's refusal to give black men the vote
A system used on southern farms after the Civil War in which farmers worked land owned by someone else in return for a small portion of the crops.
Henry Watkins Allen
was an American soldier and politician, and a general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.
Democratic candidate for the U.S. presidency in the disputed election of 1876, the most controversial American election of the 19th century. A political reformer, he was a Bourbon Democrat who worked closely with the New York City business community, led the fight against the corruption of Tammany Hall, and fought to keep taxes low
Led the Confederates at Fort Sumter, Bull Run, and Shiloh after Johnson died
Benjamin "Beast" Butler
Union general who was placed in control of New Orleans after it fell to UNION ARMY forces;, a union leader that took command of New Orleans and issued orders threatening women and was known as Beast Butler
President of the Confederate States of America
Oscar J. Dunn
A former slave politician, became the first African American in Louisiana elected to a high political office.
Union naval admiral whose fleet captured New Orleans and Baton Rouge
Ulysses S. Grant
`an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.
Robert E. Lee
Confederate general who had opposed secession but did not believe the Union should be held together by force
16th President of the United States saved the Union during the Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)
US minister sent before the war to try to buy Cali for $25 million, but Mexico found offer insulting
17th President of the United States, A Southerner form Tennessee, as V.P. when Lincoln was killed, he became president. He opposed radical Republicans who passed Reconstruction Acts over his veto. The first U.S. president to be impeached, he survived the Senate removal by only one vote. He was a very weak president.
First African American governor
Union General that marched through the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia, destroying farms, livestock, crops, and anything else in his path.
Henry Clay Warmoth
Was referred to as "Louisiana's carpetbagger governor" because he was born in Illinois
Military Reconstruction Act of 1867
South divided into 5 military districts; states to guarantee full suffrage for blacks; ratify 14th amendment
an organization established in 1874 by the Redeemer Democrats to restore political power to the prewar white Democrats
Compromise of 1877
Ended Reconstruction. Republicans promise 1) Remove military from South, 2) Appoint Democrat to cabinet (David Key postmaster general), 3) Federal money for railroad construction and levees on Mississippi river
an order issued by Benjamin "Beast" Butler during the Civil War that stated a woman could be treated disrespectfully if she insulted a Union soldier
Since much of the misbehavior came from one New Orleans Zouave company called the Tiger Rifles, all Louisiana solders soon became nicknamed the Louisiana Tigers. The Tigers prove to be excellent Fighters.
Ku Klux Klan
A secret society created by white southerners in 1866 that used terror and violence to keep African Americans from obtaining their civil rights.
Enacted in April of 1862, it subjected all white males between the ages of eighteen and thirty-five to military service for three years. It was repealed in 1863.
On Easter Sunday, 1873, a mob of angry Whites killed 105 Blacks. Many of the dead burned in the Grand Parish Courthouse that had been set on fire after they hid inside for protection. This was the bloodiest day of Reconstruction.
June 19th, the date celebrated as the anniversary of Emancipation Day for enslaved people in Texas
Knights of the White Camellia
a secret organization that operated in Louisiana during military Reconstruction and that used threats and physical violence to keep the freedmen from voting or to force them to vote for Democratic candidates
Red River Campaign
campaign in which Confederate troops repulsed Union invasions of Texas in fighting along the Red River and at Poison Springs, Arkansas
the period after the Civil War in the United States when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union
Ten Percent Plan
Lincoln's plan that allowed a Southern state to form its own government after ten percent of its voters swore an oath of loyalty to the United States
July 1863. Happened at the same time as Gettysburg. Ulysses S. Grant was a general who didn't mind fighting. Grant comes down the Mississippi river and is finally forced to go down on the other side and marches up and captures Jackson, then captures Vicksburg. That cut the confederacy in half. It took 3 months to take Vicksburg.
Succession of Louisiana
Louisiana was the sixth state to leave the Union and then they declared itself an independent nation- The Republic of Louisiana. Moore acted as president. Louisiana independent status lasted for bout six weeks and then they join the Confederate States of America
Union war plan by Winfield Scott, called for blockade of southern coast, capture of Richmond, capture Mississippi R, and to take an army through heart of south
a portable container used as a toilet
African Americans in the war
Nearly 200,000 AA's served in the Union army and navy after the Emancipation Proclamation. Segregated into all-black units (Massachusetts 54th Regiment). Won white respect. 37,000 AA deaths in the "Army of Freedom." 1/4 of the slave population sought the protection of the approaching Union.
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