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Terms in this set (45)
Leadership is ...
A process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal
In the first five chapters of our textbook, the author discusses leadership from various distinct approaches in attempting to describe leadership. Identify the approaches he discusses:
1. Trait Approach
2. Skills Approach
3. Behavioral Approach
4. Situational Approach
Management produces _______ and ______ while Leadership produces _______ and ________.
Management - order and consistency
Leadership - change and movement
What is the difference between assigned and emergent leadership?
Assigned leadership is appointed - based on occupying a position in an organization whereas emergent leadership is ascendant - occurs when others perceive an individual as the most influential member of a group or organization, regardless of the individual's title.
French and Raven (1959) identified six common and important bases of power. Identify the five bases of power. Identify which of the above are positional or personal powers (write next to the respective base of power).
(1) Referent -personal
(2) Expert - personal
(3)Legitimate - positional
(4) Reward - positional
(5) Coercive -positional
(6) Information - positional
Intelligence, self-confidence, determination, integrity, and sociability are examples of _________ __________ __________.
Major Leadership Traits
Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Agreeability, and Conscientiousness are (circle correct answer(s)):
a. Major Leadership Traits
b. Big Five Personality Factors
b. Big Five Personality Factors
_________________ ______________ can be defined as the ability to perceive and express emotions, to use emotions to facilitate thinking, to understand and reason with emotions, and to effectively manage emotions within oneself and with others.
Situational Leadership: Leadership styles can be classified into four distinct categories of behavior. Identify these behaviors.
a. Directing - low skill sets among followers
b. Coaching - competence in selected area
c. Supporting - Knowledgeable and capable of learning
d. Delegating - competent and skilled
The Skills Approach to leadership identifies three basic administrative skill sets. What are they and which of the three (circle) is most relevant across the spectrum of supervisory, middle, and top level leadership/management?
What is critical thinking?
A habit of mind and disciplined thought characterized by the judicious and comprehensive exploration of issues, ideas, artifacts and events before accepting or formulating a cogent, synthesized opinion or conclusion.
Myers-Briggs Type Indicators (MBTI) are characterized by four dichotomies. What are they?
Which one of the above is considered to be the most important factor associated with leadership? ________
Extroversion < > Introversion
N Intuition < > Sensing
T hinking < > Feeling
Judging < > Perceiving
Meyer-Briggs Type Indicators (MBTI) are characterized by four dichotomies.
Extraversion/Introversion: how you relate
Intuition/Sensing: how you gather information
Thinking/Feeling: how you make decisions
Judging/Perceiving: how you assess lifestyle
Emotional Intelligence (EQ) is a term used throughout the book to describe leaders. As the two words suggest, EQ has to do with our emotions - or the __________ domain, and thinking - the ____________ domain, and the interplay between the two.
Emotions - affective domain
Thinking- cognitive domain
Management is about __________ and Leadership is about __________.
Management - process
Leadership - people
In criticizing the "Trait Approach," the textbook says traits are largely based on "fixed psychological structures" and this limits the value of teaching and leadership training.
(True or False)
The four recognized components of leadership based on the definition provided in the textbook are:
4. common goals
"Defining leadership as a process means that it is not a trait or characteristic that resides in the individual, but rather a __________ event that occurs between the leader and the followers."
What are the recognized functions of management?
1. Planning & Budgeting
2. Organizing and Staffing
3. Controlling and Problem Solving
John Maxwell describes 5 levels of leadership. Identify them below.
Power is the bases for a leader to exert influence. Leaders typically draw on more than one power source.
(True or False)
According to the author, a __________ is an innate and largely fixed personality characteristic or psychological structure.
In the skills based approach to leadership, the __________ element is a consistent factor. In fact, it is consistent and relevant to all forms of leadership.
Scholars and researchers have found evidence that leaders tend to have higher intelligence than non leaders.
(True or False)
Developed by Hersey and Blanchard in 1969, the ___________ approach to leadership is one of the more widely recognized approaches focusing on leadership in situations.
A one word definition for leadership is ___________
Define ethical leadership.
The ability of an individual to influence a group of individuals to achieve a common goal using moral principles to govern right and wrong in the conduct of a professional pursuit.
What are the 5 personality traits Apple looks for in a job candidate?
1. "People that work with a passion and an idealism."
2. "People that don't take no for an answer."
3. "People that don't accept the status quo."
4. "People that are inherently not satisfied with things. They know things should be different and focus on it until they find an answer."
5. "People that can't be told things are impossible."
Identify five of the [several] key metrics discussed in class that you might use to analyze an individual's leadership quotient.
1. Behavior and Attitude
2. Personality Type
3. Leadership Style
4. Emotional and Social Intelligence
5. Transactional v. Transformational
Followership can be divided into two broad categories: _______- _________ and _______-___________.
role-based and relational-based
Destructive/dysfunctional or "Bad" leaders may be characterized by certain traits and tendencies. Identify these characteristics.
1. Dysfunctional personality
A process whereby an individual or individuals accept the influence of others to accomplish a common goal.
In the "Allure of Toxic Leaders," Jean Lipman-Blume examined toxic(destructive) leadership from the perspective of followers. What are the reasons - the psychological factors - that result in people following bad leaders?
1. The need for reassuring authority figures
2. The need for security and certainty
3. The need to feel chosen or special
4. Need for membership in the Human Community
5. The fear of ostracism, isolation, and social death
6. The fear of powerlessness to challenge the leader
Identify four Ethical Perspectives?
1. Ethical Egotism
4. Kant's Categorical Imperative
Political leaders often take a ___________ [ethical perspective] approach to decision making.
In a crisis, a leader's ______________ ___________ is often affected resulting in diminished, ineffective decision making.
What are three ethical pitfalls that can affect leaders' decision-making?
1. Moral Complacency
2. Ethical Blind Spots
Adaptive Leadership is a form of leadership that Ron Heifetz and Martin Linsky built upon in their study of leadership to help individuals and organizations understand leadership options in dealing with consequential change in uncertain times. What powerful metaphor did Heifetz and his associates use to help explain adaptive leadership?
"getting on the balcony"
On the surface, Authentic Leadership appears easy to define. Like leadership, there is no universally accepted definition. What are the three viewpoints/perspectives that can be used to describe Authentic Leadership?
1. Intrapersonal perspective
2. Interpersonal perspective
3. Developmental perspective
In theory, what are the components of Authentic Leadership?
2. Internalized moral perspective
3. Balanced processing
4. Relational transparency
What are the four related positive psychological capacities associated with Authentic leadership?
Servant leadership is a Paradox. The model of Servant Leadership consists of three components. What are they?
1. Antecedent conditions
2. Servant leadership behaviors
3. Leadership outcomes
What are the three outcomes of Servant Leadership?
1. Follower performance and growth
2. Organizational performance
3. Societal Impact
The Taylor Leadership Institute hosted the Student Leadership Summit on 26 Oct. How did Dr. Jamison describe "activism?"
"The active participation of individuals in group behavior for the purpose of creating change - in attitudes, knowledge, behavior, and/or symbols."
In the textbook - and in other scholarly studies of Adaptive Lweadership - Heifetz and his colleagues suggest that adaptive leadership is the practice of mobilizing people to tackle tough challenges and thrive. In contrast to emphasizing the position or characteristics of the leader, Heifetz, et. al., suggest that leadership is concerned with the behaviors of leaders and that adaptive leaders engage in five key activities. What are they?
5. Focus the attention of others
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