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World History Chapter 13-14
BJ World History 9th Grade
Terms in this set (50)
What are the four developments that made the Age of Discovery possible?
Growth or Wealth
What were the problems with the current trade routes that had to travel over land?
Paid money to rulers
Italians set high prices
What were the four main motivations that drove the early explores in their quest to find land?
Competition agents nations
What is a Caravel?
A ship with large sails that is easy to maneuver and can sail in shallow water
Which two countries led the Age of Discovery in the beginning?
Spain and Portugal
Who was Prince Henry the Navigator? Did he ever sail on an expedition himself?
Prince of Portugal who established a school of navigation. No he never sailed.
Vasco de Gama?
Portuguese navigator who sailed from Portugal to India it took him 1 year.
Italian explorer who sailed to the Caribbean trying to find a western route to Asia, tell he died he though he was in Asia. Fernando and Isabella sent him.
Portuguese navigator who led the Spanish expedition that was the first to sail around the world. Took him 3 years
Line of Demarcation?
An imaginary line that the Pope drew. The land east of the line belonged to Portugal; the land west of the line belonged to Spain.
Which South American civilization worshiped a feather serpent?
Which South American civilization lived in what is now Peru?
Which South American civilization was a warrior society?
Which South American civilization computed the length of the year exactly and developed a form of math?
Which South American civilization offered human sacrifices and were occasionally cannibalistic?
Which South American civilization built an extensive system of roads to connect their empire?
Which South American civilization was a farming society?
What was the main objective of the early explores (what land were they constantly trying to get to)?
What were some of the problems the Portuguese had with their settlement and trading in the east?
They were spread out to wide, Men were dying at sea, Sailors were cruel and that caused hatred by the new nations
Which European countries took over control of trade with India after Portuguese failed?
Dutch and English
What was Asia's response to European interference?
resentment and resistance to Christianity
What is Mercantilism
That the little colonies would support the mother country.
What were the obligations of the colonies?
Supply raw products
Only allowed to trade with mother country
Could not compete with mother country
What were the intentions of the mother country?
Provide supplies at a profit no raw gold and silver all companies make product, colonies don't make money.
an economic system in which individuals own most businesses
What were "underwriters"?
Underwriters purchase securities from the issuing company and resell them.
a system in which a ruler holds total power
What country was the leading absolutist nation in Europe?
Which leader of this country was the epitome of absolutism?
Who was Cardinal Richelieu? What were the two goals he tried to accomplish to strengthen the power of the king?
Chief minister to Louis XIII
1. Destroying the Huguenots
2. Weaken the nobles
What edict did Louis XIV revoke and what were the consequences of that action?
Edict of Nantes
The Huguenots left France and took all their money and work with them.
What was the name of the palace built by Louis XIV?
Wat was Louis XVI's nickname?
What was the name of the ruling family in Austria?
What was the name of the ruling family in Prussia who established absolutism?
Frederick William I
What did they build up to increase their power in Europe and strengthen their control of their nation?
Was absolutism ever strong in Austria? Why or why not?
no and The church had to much power, Greedy neighbors, ruled to many nations
Who was the first Russian ruler to take the title "czar"?
What was the name of the ruling family in Russia who established absolutism and ruled until the communist revolution in 1971?
How did the Romanov rules treat the peasants in Russia?
What was the one thing (group) that kept England from becoming an absolutist nation?
Why did James I of England have trouble with the Puritans in England?
The puritans wanted to get rid of "popish" ceremonies but King James dint
What year was the king James Version of the Bible first printed?
Who was James I's son and why did he have problems with Parliament?
He dismissed the parliaments requests
How did the English Civil War begin?
Charles I marched into the house of commons with 400 men to arrest men who talked against him, This angered parliament.
What was the rule of Oliver Cromwell called?
Who were the two English authors discussed in class that lived during the time of Cromwell? What did they write?
John Bungan-Pilgrims progress
John Milton-Paradise Lost
Explain the "Glorious Revolution" in England. Who became the rulers of England because of this revolution? What was unique about their reign?
The bloodless revolution because there was no fighting, William and Mary became rulers, 1st time of co-rulers.
What did Parliament require that William and Mary agree to do before they could become the rulers of England?
Made them sign the Bill of Rights
"Balance of power"?
system that prevents any one country from dominating the others
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