shares characteristics of C and P, high employment in manufacturing, residents have higher incomes than P and lower than C (ex: Brazil, China, India, Mexico, Turkey, Eastern Europe, Russia, South Africa, Saudi Arabia) Heightening unevenness of wealth, resources, and power
Neoliberalism, financialization, and the "Second Gilded Age". all manifested across geographic space (inequality manifested in geographic space)
Rapidly changing international relationships
Ex: China and the global periphery; ebb and flow of the Pink Tide in Latin America; refugee and migrant crisis in Syria, Turkey, Europe, US, etc.
Helps destabilize "common sense" by making the "strange" more familiar and the familiar more strange
Geographical imagination: capacity to understand changing patterns, changing processes, and changing relationships among people, places, and regions