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81 terms

Islam Test

Ms Smith Islam Test
STUDY
PLAY
Mohammed
prophet
said Angel Gabriel spoke to him
founder of Islam
Red Sea
surrounds Arabia
Empty Quarter
desert in the south
Persian Gulf
surrounds Arabia
oasis
small or large area in the desert that is less arid; towns build around them
caravan guides go from oasis to oasis
Bedouin
nomads
lived in tribes
moved from oasis to oasis herding camels, goats, sheep
no written laws
offered protection
fought for scarce resources
Mecca
Muslim holy city
Muslims travel to worship at Kaaba
Kaaba
holy well
statues of gods (probably a meteorite)
Judaism
monotheistic
"protected ones"
Christianity
monotheistic
God, Jesus
"protected ones"
570AD
Mohammed is born
caravan trade
travel from oasis to oasis with guide
Coastal regions
Kadija
Mohammed's wife
widow
once his employer
Angel Gabriel
"recite in the name of thy lord"
spoke to Mohammed
Islam
monotheistic
submission to God
pray directly to god, no clergy needed
Muslim
followers of Islam
those who submit to God's will
Koran
Muslim holy book
the word of god as revealed by Mohammed
Koran translations
God's will may get lost in translation--don't do it
monotheism
one god
Christianity, Judaism, Islam
prophet
messenger of god
Five Pillars of Islam
moral code
Sahada
1. there is no god but allah and Mohammed are his prophets
Salat
pray 5x per day toward Mecca
Saum
observe Ramadan
Ramadan
Muslim holy month
must fast for one month
Zakat
be generous to poor
Hajj
observe Ramadan
Paradise
garden of pleasure for good
Hegira
Mohammed and followers move to Medina
1st year of Muslim calendar
622AD
the move to Medina
shariah
Koranic law
jihad
holy war
630AD
Mecca surrenders
632AD
Mohammed dies
caliph
head of Muslim state
Umayyad
most Muslims supported them
661-750
empire larger than Rome
Abbasid
500 years until 1258
moved capital to Baghdad
Sunni
supporters of Umayyad
Shiite
support direct descendent of Mohammed
developed different beliefs
Constantinople
wasn't part of Umayyad's empire
732AD--Tours
stopped Umayyad from getting into Europe
Damascus
capital until 1258
Baghdad
capital of Abbasid
court of Islam reaches greatest glory
Cordova
brought horses into Europe
Reconquista
taking back of Spain in 1492
SE Asia
Islam spreads all the way to there
Seljuk Turks
invaded Abbasid
1071 - they invade Byzantium
sultan
Seljuk ruler
Crusades
ousts Muslims from European lands
Spain and Italy retaken
religious/tolerance
other religious tolerated in conquered lands
could practice own religion if Jew/Christian
slaves
must have been treated well
women
not equal to men
could inherit/own property
overtime more restricted--must wear veil--unveiled only in harem
harem
castrated men protected it
women could unveil
room in house unseen from the street
divorce
men could marry again afterwards
"thou art dismissed"
if said 3x=divorce
arranged marriage
...
male dominion over women
...
polygamy
men marry many women
eunuch
castrated males who protect the harem
Harun al-Rashid
5th caliph
Timbuktu
university
Avincenna
980AD
scholar who studied Aristotle
Canon of Medicine
Averroes
1126--Judge in Cordova
zero
the amount of Math and Science received from India
Arabic numerals
we use them today
Omar Khayyam
wrote the Rubaiyat
Rubaiyat
collection of poems
horseshoe arch
more spacious than Roman arch
decorative
Canon of Medicine
written by Avincenna
Al Razi
head of hospital
wrote reference books for doctors
Arabian Nights/1001 Nights
written in Persian using Arabic script
included Ali Baba and the 40 Thieves, Sinbad the Sailor, Aladdin
mosque
Muslim place of worship
minaret
tower the muezzin stands on
Blue Mosque
most famous mosque in Istanbul
Toledo steel
makes Damascus Blades
Damascus blades
made of Toledo steel
miniature paintings
one hair instead of a brush
hanif
monotheists on the peninsula
muezzin
call faithful to prayer
stands on minaret
sura
verse in the Koran
Abu Bakr
Mohammed's friend
1st caliph after he dies