25 terms

Mesopotamia vocabulary

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Silt
Sediment (fine sandy particles) that fertilizes soil left behind by a river.
Surplus
More than needed (extra)
City - state
City that governs itself and the land around it
Ziggurat
A pyramid shape structure with the temple on top
Cuneiform
A system of writing developed by sumerians using wet shaped marks in clay
Scribe
A person who copies or writes documents (record keeper)
Epic
A long poem that tells the story of a hero
Empire
Conquered territories governed by one ruler
Tribute
A payment to a ruler as a sign of submission
Province
A territory under the control of an empire or a stronger country
Caravan
A group of traveling merchants with carts of trade items
Monarchy
Ruled by one all-powerful leader
Merchant
A person who sells goods for profit
Priests/priestesses
A religious person who presides over religious ceremonies
Barter
A trade without currency
Basalt
A Blackstone used to engrave or sculpt images
Stele
A sculpted engraving done on a slab of stone or wood
Ur
Ancient Sumerian city in present-day Iraq between Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
One of the seven wonders of the ancient
Nebuchadezzar (Chaldean)
Babylonian/Chaldean emperor
Hammurabi
Babylonian king who wrote famous code of laws
Gilgamesh
Epic Sumerian hero
Civilization
Advanced culture that has developed the following features: government religion social classes writing and art
Babylon
Ancient city and present-day capital of Iraq
Tigris and Euphrates
Rivers in Mesopotamia
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