13 terms

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The students will explain the impact of location, climate, and physical characteristics on population distribution in Africa.
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Terms in this set (...)

oasis
a small place where trees are able to grow and where people can live with grazing animals and a few crops
nomads
people who move from place to place, usually by camel, in search of food and water;
Tuareg
a nomadic tribe that has been in the Sahara for centuries
trade
nomadic tribes often do this to fill the needs of their group
gold and salt
these items were brought across the Sahara on the backs of camels hundred of years ago to markets along the Mediterranean coast
Sahara
largest desert on Earth; very few people live here and the climate is hot and dry with very little rainfall; one of the most difficult places to live on Earth
Sahel
the name means "border" or "margin"; separates the desert from the grasslands and rainforest; rainfall varies from year to year which makes farming difficult; desertification is a problem as people cut down trees for fuel and shelter.
hot and arid
the climate of the Sahel
subsistence farming
growing just enough food for ones family; many people in the Sahel practice this
savanna
region where grass grows naturally although not enough rain to support trees and forest; they support many animals; grains such as wheat, oats and sorghum grow here too.
rainforests
found near warm and humid areas near the Earth's equator; rich plant life and plenty of water; tall trees and abundant plant and animal life; logging and timber cutting is destroying this area
deforestation
rainforest continue to be destroyed by this; the cutting down of trees and results in soil erosion and desertification
extinction
results from deforestation whereby species of plants and animals no longer exist
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