the individual has difficulty keeping things in perspective and experiences feelings of being overwhelmed,some may feel panic others may feel excitement
the individual feels the need to go back to what was normal or comfortable/this stage compares to Bridges' components of disenchantment and disorientation
the individual experiences selfdoubt,may have feelings of depression and grief,anger,powerlessness. the individual must move from powerlessness to strenght,from anger and grief to optimism about the new
A stage of forward vision,the past has been let go,focus on the change and the benefits to be obtained by the change
new identity is established and new behaviors and new skills are tried. New relationships develop with colleagues family and friends/compares to bridges' neutral zone phase
a period of self-reflection and finding meaning in the experience new roles new relationships and new skills are being established. For nurses returning to school it may be helpful to share the story of their experience with the nurses who are thinking of returing.