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Scientific Inquiry Domain: Module 1 & 2
Terms in this set (41)
A correlation study is:
a research project designed to discover the degree to which two variables are related to each other
the dependent variable in an experiment is:
the variable the experimenter measures in order to see if it was affected by the change in the independent variable
Doctors who believe symptoms of schizophrenia stem from high levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain are most likely to be:
A professor studies the long term impact of failing grades in math classes on career choice. which method is he using?
occurs when researchers only search for information that supports their preconceptions
Martin Seligman summarized the missions of psychology before World War II. which of the missions does he say current psychology mostly ignores?
studying what makes life fulfilling and nurturing high talent
jean Piaget studied the thought processes of children. He best represents which modern perspective?
Since an experiment is the only research method that can prove a cause-effect relationship, why do psychologists sometimes use other research methods such as case studies and surveys?
sometimes it is impossible or impractical to set up true control and experimental groups
to learn about the tv viewing habits of all the children attending a school, a professor randomly selected and interviewed 50 of the schools students. in this instance, all the children attending the school are considered to be a:
which school of thought focuses on how we learn observable responses?
why was research of kenneth and mamie phipps clark significant in the history of psychology?
the clarks findings were used by the supreme court to declare segregated schools unconstitutional
psychologists who focus on understanding unconscious drives and conflicts in explaining human behavior use which psychological perspective?
which modern psychological perspective focuses on how healthy people strive to reach their full potential?
which of the following would be considered a mental process?
a. running down the hall to get to class
b. remembering your best friends phone number
c. flinching at the sound of the fire alarm
d. standing in the lunch line
a case study is:
a research technique in which one person is studied in depth
to reduce participant bias, researchers should:
not tell the participants what he expects to occur until after the study is over
which theory of personality was established by sigmund freud?
a researcher using random assignment:
assigns participants to the experimental and control groups by chance
in a study of the effects of alcohol consumption, some participants drank a nonacloholic beverage that actually smelled and tasted like alcohol. this nonalcoholic drink was a:
if children who watch a lot of tv violence are also particularly likely to behave aggresitvely, this would NOT nessicarily indicate that watching tv violence causes aggresive behavior because:
correlation does not prove causesation
in a research study, the term "population" refers to:
the group of people the researcher draws his sample from
something that is directly observable is:
which of the following methods is most helpful for revealing whether a persons personality is caused by the types of games they played as a child?
a. correlational study
b. naturalistic study
c. the experiment
d. the survey
who was the first american psychologist, wrote the first american psychology textbook, and helped found the functionalist movement?
a development psychologists wants to study how a specific personality trait changes as people age. which two research methods is this researcher most likely to choose between?
cross-sectional or longitudinal study
what best defines the field of psychology?
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
which psychologist would most likely agree with this statement: "in order to understand our conscious experience we must systematically invesitgate the elements that are the basic building blocks of consciousness"
the difference between the experimental group and the control group is defined by the presence of the:
which perspective would emphasize the differing political and economic systems of the untied states and china lead citizens of these two countries to adopt different customs and attitudes?
correlational studies differ from experiements in that correlational studies:
dont prove cause and effect relationships exist as experiments do
if psychologists discovered that intelligent parents have smarter children than unitelligent parents, this would demostrate that:
the intelligence of parents and children is positively corrleated
monitoring behaviors of children on a school playground to track the development of their physical skills is:
the four basic principles used to judge the ethics of research involving human participants are:
informed consent, protection from harm, condifentiality, and debriefing
which research design is focused on gathering information about self-reported perceptions or attitudes through questionnaries?
a doctor who believes a clients depression may stem from illogical thought patterns and faulty interpretations on life experiences is most likely a:
an operational definition is:
a specification of the exact procedures used to measure a variable
which early school of thought most influenced the humanists?
which groups of early psychologists believed that consciousness could best be understood by analyzing the basic elements of thoughts and sensations?
a hypoyhesis is:
a researchers testable prediction about the outcome of research
which perspective explains human behavior by looking at the interaction of learning and inherited gentic traits?
what is the most important reason for understanding research methods?
so you can evaluate information and make informed decisions
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