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Bone Structure and Types of Bones
Stanhope, Linda, and Kimberly Turnbull. "The Skeletal System." Introduction to Medical Terminology, 1st Edition, The Goodheart-Willcox Company, Inc., www.g-wonlinetextbooks.com/introduction-medical-terminology-2017/.
Terms in this set (20)
A dense connective tissue composed of collagen, fibers, and minerals
This type of bone contains a shaft and two ends and is found in the extremities.
This type of bone is located in the hands and feet. They are cuboidal-shaped, and composed of spongy bone, allowing for flexible movement.
This type of bone protects vital organs and provides a broad surface area for muscle attachment.
These bones facilitate joint movement and is embedded within tendons.
These bones have an unusual or complex shape and, therefore, cannot be categorized. They provide both support and protection while allowing for flexible movement.
Examples of long bones
tibia, fibula, femur, metatarsals, phalanges, humerus, radius, ulna, metacarpals
Examples of short bones
carpals in the wrist (scaphoid, lunate, triquetral, hamate, pisiform, capitate, trapezoid, and trapezium) and tarsals in the ankles (calcaneus, talus, navicular, cuboid, lateral cuneiform, intermediate cuneiform, and medial cuneiform)
Examples of flat bones
cranium (bones of the head), facial bones, scapulae (shoulder blades), and sternum (breastbone)
Examples of sesamoid bones
patella and bones in the wrist, hand, and feet
Examples of irregular bones
vertebrae, jawbones, and coccyx (tailbone)
The shaft of a long bone
The end of a long bone
Epiphyseal Plate (Line)
An area of cartilage tissue that is consistently being replaced by new, bony tissue as the bone grows.
The hollow region in the diaphysis which contains yellow bone marrow.
Lines the inner surface of the medullary cavity of all long bones
Membranous tissue that covers the outer surface of all bones except at the joints of long bones
Cortical bone (compact bone)
A type of bone tissue that is very dense, hard, and strong. It can be found in the walls of the diaphysis.
Cancellous bone (spongy bone or trabecular bone)
A type of bone tissue that is much more porous and much less dense than compact bone. It is usually located in the epiphyses.
A thin layer of cartilage that covers the ends of bones (epiphysis) where they come together to form joints
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