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56 terms

Pharmacology Exam Two E

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Beta Blockers:
____ ____ diminish the effects of epinephrine (adrenaline) and other stress hormones.
Epinephrine:
_____ is also know as adrenaline.
Catecholamines:
Beta blockers block the action of endogenous _______ (epinephrine and norepinephrine), on β-adrenergic receptors.
Norepinephrine:
______ is also known as noradrenaline.
β1 adrenergic:
_____ _____ receptors are located mainly in the heart and in the kidneys.
β2 adrenergic:
____ ____ receptors are located mainly in the lungs, gastrointestinal tract, liver, uterus, vascular smooth muscle, and skeletal muscle.
β3-adrenergic:
____ _____ receptors are located in fat cells.
Calcium channel blockers (CCBs):
____ ____ ____ are a class of drugs and natural substances that disrupt the movement of calcium through calcium channels.
CCB's:
The most widespread clinical usage of _______ is to decrease blood pressure in patients with hypertension.
CCB's:
_______ frequently are used to control heart rate, prevent cerebral vasospasm, and reduce chest pain due to angina pectoris.
ACE inhibitors:
_____ stands for angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors.
ACE inhibitors:
_____ ______ are a group of drugs used primarily for the treatment of hypertension (high blood pressure) and congestive heart failure.
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors:
___ ___ ___ ___ or Statins are a class of drug used to lower cholesterol levels by inhibiting the enzyme HMG-CoA reductase, which plays a central role in the production of cholesterol in the liver.
Alpha 1 receptors:
____ ____ _____ are located on blood vessels.
Beta 1 receptors:
____ ____ ____ are located on the heart.
Beta 2 receptors:
____ ____ ____ are located on the lungs, peripheral bld vessels & uterus.
Stiumlation:
____ of the Alpha 1 receptor causes vasoconstriction.
Blood pressure:
Stimulation of the Alpha 1 receptor causes vasoconstriction resulting in a increase in ____ ____.
Phenylephrine:
_____ is aka Neo-synephrine and is a nasal decongestant.
Naphazoline:
_____ is aka clear eyes and is an ophthalmic decongestant.
Tetrahydrozoline:
______ is aka visine and is an ophthalmic decongestant.
Norepinephrine:
_____ is aka lovophed.
norephinephrine:
____ is a resuce drug
Blocking:
____ of an Alpha 1 receptor causes vasodilation.
Vasodilation:
When an Alpha 1 receptor is blocked, _____ occurs.
Ergotamine tartrate:
____ _____ treats vascular headaches and uterine bleeding.
Phentolamine:
____ is aka Regitine.
Phentolamine:
_____ treats decreased blood pressure due to extravasation.
Extravasation:
____ is the discharge or escape, as of blood, from a vessel into the tissues; blood or other substance so discharged.
Prazosin:
____ is aka as Miniparess.
Tamsulosin:
____ is aka as Flomax.
Prazosin:
_____ is an alpha blocker used to treat high blood pressure.
Tamsulosin:
____ is used to treat BPH.
Stimulated:
When B1 receptors are ____ the rate, contractility, and conduction of the heart are increased.
Dopamine:
____ is a pressor substance that elevates arterial blood pressure.
Dopamine:
____ is a catecholamine neurotransmitter.
Dobutamine:
____ stimulates the β1 receptors and treats heart failure and cardiogenic shock.
Blocking:
____ of the Beta 1 receptor causes vasodilation.
Decreases:
Vasodilation of the Beta 1 receptor ____ the rate, contractility and conduction of the heart.
Metoprolol:
____ is aka Lopressor.
Metoprolol:
_____ is a cardioselective Beta 1 blocker.
Acebutolol:
____ is aka Sectral.
Acebutolol:
_____ is a cardioselective B1 blocker.
Stimulated:
When B2 receptors are ____, vasodilation occurs.
B2 stimulation:
___ ___ is aka bronchi & babies.
Beta 2:
____ ____ stimulation acts as a bronchodilator.
Beta 2:
____ ____ stimulation causes uterine relaxation.
Albuterol:
____ is a B2 stimulator used for asthma rescue.
Epinphrine:
____ is a B2 stimulator used as a asthma 911 med.
Levalbuterol:
____ is aka Xopenex.
Levalbuterol:
____ is an inhalation bronchodilator / B2 stimulator.
Salmeterol:
____ is an asthma maintenance med.
Terbutiline:
____ is a B2 stimulator that relaxes the uterus.
Blocking:
____ of a B2 receptor causes broncoconstriction.
Propranolol:
____ is aka Inderal.
Propranolol:
____ is a nonspecific beta blocker which also treats migraines.