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Gilded Age & Populism
Terms in this set (41)
"Waving the bloody shirt"
Republican strategy to remind voters of the treason of confederate democrats in an attempt to win an election
Ulysses S. Grant
Former civil war general who presided over an era of unprecedented growth & corruption
Credit Mobilier of America Scandal
Officials who found out about the railroad company over charging the gout were bribed with stock to stay quiet
Head of Tammany Hall and in charge of giving out jobs. Would do so in exchange for political "favors"
Who is the cartoonist for the "Boss Tweed" cartoon?
Have to take a test to get a job in response to the spoils system
-Lead to the amazing growth of the US economy after the Civil War
-benefit from government land grants
Agreements between corporations to divide the business in a given area and share of the profits (An agreement to NOT compete)
A person that is on two different corporations board of directors. Companies profit consumers punished. (can raise investment capital($))
"Captains of industry"
Ingenious leaders who transformed the economy with their business skills
Cruel, ruthless businessmen who will stop at nothing to achieve wealth
John D. Rockefeller
J. Pierpont Morgan
J.P. Morgan & Co. Banking
Survival of the fittest corporation, the most successful are the most hard-working
Workers lock doors of workplace until terms are agreed to
Pinkerton National Detective Agency
A private U.S. security guard and detective agency ("bully-boys")
Workplace where employees aren't required to join a labor union
Workplace where employees are required to join a labor union
Interstate Commerce Commission
Government agency created to regulate railroads to insure fair prices
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
Government legislation that made it illegal to form trusts (monopolies) that interfere with free trade
US vs. E.C. Knight Co. (1895)
Supreme Court Case that limited the government's power to control monopolies; manufacturing of products cannot be controlled by Congress (Congress cannot tell a company what to produce)
Knights of Labor
(Terence Powderly) Include all in one union "any injury to one is the concern to all"
Haymarket Riot (1886)
The McCormick Harvesting Machine Co. locked out workers, the knights of labor lost all credibility
American Federation of Labor
(Samuel Gompers & Eugene Debs) consisted of an association of self governing national unions each of which kept its independence
Cut workers wages but didn't cut rent. President Grover Cleveland -strike was preventing the delivery of mail; brings military
Similarities in Worker Strikes
-Worker sense of mistreatment; typically a loss of salary
-violence used by both labor and management
-Government often times assists owners
RESULT: in most cases, owners are victorious (exception- Lawrence strike)
Came from eastern Europe and Asia
-came for job opportunities and because home country wasn't safe
Late 1800s- early 1900s
Emphasized charity and social responsibility as a means of salvation
Morrill Land Grant Act
Granted land out west to create colleges
Leader of Nez Perce
Resisted reservation life
" I will fight no more forever"
Wounded Knee Massacre
-Miscommunication between the US military and the Sloux
-US military kills 150 Sloux women and children
Dawes Act & the Assimilation of Native Americans
-make native "similar"
-provide natives with private property (natives hated idea of private property)
A century of dishonor Helen hunt Jackson
Chronicles the mistreatment of Native Americans
Frederick Jackson Turner & the frontier thesis
US Success was tied to westward expansion. no more frontier left
A former union (strength in #'s)
Populist Party— goals, platform
James Weaver, party "for the people"
direct election of Senators 8hr workday
Led Coxeys Army - unemployed men march from Ohio to Washington DC to convince the government to make more jobs
William Jennings Bryan "Cross of Gold" Speech
-Nicknamed "The Great Commoner"
-cross of gold speech attacks the gold standard
-created the idea of "free silver" and adds silver to the gold standard
"Front Porch" campaign
The idea that McKinley was not professional enough to be president so he could not leave his front porch while Mark Hanna lead the presidency
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