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59 terms

Pharmacology Exam Two F

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Acetylcholine, carbachol, Pilocarpine:
____, ____, & ____ are direct acting cholinergices that treat glaucoma.
Acetylocholine:
____ is a topical application due to poor oral absorption.
Carbachol:
____ stimulates pupils and reduces intraocular pressure.
Pilocarpine:
____ is a cholinergic agonists that treats glaucoma.
Bethanechol:
____ is aka Urecholine.
Bethanechol:
____ is a direct-acting cholinergic that treats Atony & neurogenic bladder.
Pyridostigmine:
____ is used to decrease muscle weakness resulting from myasthenia gravis.
Pyridostigmine:
____ is an indirect-acting cholinergic.
Physostigmine.
____ is the antidote for anticholindergic poisoning.
Physostigmine:
_____ is an inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase, the enzyme responsible for the breakdown of acetylcholine.
30 minutes:
Encourage patients w/myasthenia gravis to take meds ___ ____ before eating to help improve chewing & swallowing.
Donepezil:
____ is aka Aricept.
Donepezil:
____ is an indirect-acting cholinergic used to treat Alzheimer's.
Cholinergic Poisoning:
____ ____ is reversed by Atropine.
Atropine:
______is the antidote for cholinergic poisoning.
Digoxin:
____ is a cardiac glycoside, used in the treatment of HF, dysrhythmia, atrial fibrillation & flutter.
Digoxin:
____ is aka Lanoxin.
Milrinone:
_____ is a phosphodiesterase inhibitor used for the short-term management of HF.
Quinidine:
____ is a sodium channel blocker used for atrial & ventricular dysrhythmias.
Procainamide:
____ is a sodium channel blocker used in the treatment of atrial & ventricular dysrhythmias.
Class 1:
____ ____ antidysrhythmics are sodium channel blockers.
Class 2:
____ ____ antidysrhythmics are Beta blockers.
Class 3:
____ ___ antidysrhythmics are potassium channel blockers.
Class 4:
____ _____ antidysrhythmics are calcium channel blockers.
Lidocaine:
____ is a C1 antidysrhythmic used to treat ventricular dysrhythmias only.
Flecainide:
____ is a C1 antidysrhythmic used to treat atrial fibrillation and flutter.
Nadolol:
____ is aka Corgard.
Nodolol:
____ is a C2 antidysrhythmic beta blocker.
Atenolol:
____ is aka Tenormin.
Atenolol:
_____ is a C2 antidysrhythmic beta blocker.
Metoprolol:
_____ is aka Lopressor.
Metroprolol:
____ is a C2 antidysrhythmic beta blocker.
Propranolol:
_____ is aka Inderal.
Propranolol:
_____ is C2 antidysrhythmic beta blocker.
Amiodarone:
_____ is a C3 antidysrhythmic potassium channel blocker, used for treatment of life threatening dysrhythmias.
Sotalol:
_____ is a C3 antidysrhythmic potassium channel blocker, used for treatment of life threatening dysrhythmias.
Verapamil:
____ is a C4 antidysrhythmic CCB.
Verapamil:
____ is aka Calan or Isoptin.
Adenosine:
_____ is aka Adenocard.
Adenosine:
____ is an unclassified antidysrhythmic used as a rescue drug to convert supraventricular tachycardia to sinus rhythm.
Atropine:
_____ is an unclassified antidysrhythmic used to increase heart rate.
Nitrates:
____ fall under the category of anitanginal medications.
Nitroglycerin:
____ is an antianginal, used to treat acute attacks.
Isosorbide dinitrate:
____ ____ is aka Isordil.
Isosorbide dinitrate:
____ ____ is an antianginal nitrate, used in long-term therapy.
Isosorbide mononitrate:
____ ____ is aka Imdur.
Isosorbide mononitrate:
____ ____ is an antianginal nitrate used in long-term therapy.
Clonidine:
____ is an antihypertensive, A2 stimulator, used to treat hypertension.
Captopril:
____ is aka Capoten.
Captopril:
____ is an antihypertensive ACE inhibitor.
Enalapril:
____ is aka Vasotec.
Enalapril:
____ is an antihypertensive ACE inhibitor.
Ace inhibitors:
___ ___ are known as "the prills".
Angiotnesin II Blockers:
___ ___ ___ (ARB's) are known as "the sartans".
Angiotnesin II Blockers:
___ ___ ___ are used to treat hypertension.
Losartan:
____ is aka Cozzar or Hyzaar.
Valsartan:
____ is aka Diovan.
Valsartan:
____ is an antihypertensive ABR used to treat hypertension.
ACE Inhibitors:
____ ____ cause a dry, nonproductive cough.